corroboration


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corroboration

the doctrine in the law of evidence that material facts require to be proved by evidence from two independent sources as, for example, two eyewitnesses or one witness and facts and circumstances. It is often said to be very important in preventing miscarriages of justice, but the fact is often overlooked that the effect of a rule on corroboration maybe to produce two lying witnesses instead of just one. Then, if the lies are not exposed, the effect on a jury is all the stronger. Its benefit is that if two witnesses are lying it should be easier to catch them out. The story of Susanna and the Elders in the Book of Daniel in the Bible has entrenched the idea in the Judaeo-Christian world. Even in Scots criminal law, which holds the doctrine in high esteem, the rigour of the rule is relaxed in relation to confessions that show a special knowledge of the crime that only the perpetrator would know. There are many statutory relaxations of the rule both in England and Scotland. It is seldom required in either jurisdiction in civil cases. See also MOOROV DOCTRINE.
References in periodicals archive ?
Corroboration is defined as "evidence which confirms or supports a statement, theory or finding".
This case shows the impact the corroboration requirement in Scotland has on successfully prosecuting sex abuse cases, particularly where the case is historic or there has been a delay in reporting.
- Threat corroboration: Identifies indicators of compromise and indicators of attack, exposing major threats including insider threats, account compromise, and data exfiltration.
The court rejected a defendant's claim there was inadequate corroboration of his extrajudicial confession, finding his confession was corroborated by admissions to his wife, his conduct and the testimony of a forensic nurse.
The Supreme Court held that (1) there was sufficient corroboration of the accomplice testimony; and (2) the District Court did not abuse its discretion in denying appellant's request for jury instructions on the reliability of testimony by witnesses under the influence of drugs and the credibility of testimony by an uncharged accessory after the fact.
In Flying with the Fifteenth Air Force, the reader gets an insider's view of the final months of the war, enriched with extensive annotations and corroboration provided by editor David L.
History requires corroboration. Perhaps Charles Ball's books will confirm that it happened.
It also reported that the additional investigation 'did not provide any further corroboration'.
There was no immediate corroboration for the report from any Israeli source.
10, denied the motion for reconsideration filed by Ampatuan's camp in June, which claimed that the basis to junk Ampatuan's bail petition was purely testimonial and without corroboration.
In Minister Zaharievaas words the actual signing of the document, intensive negotiations on which have been conducted since 2008, will come as corroboration of the fact that a real change has set in Macedoniaas approach to Bulgaria.
Lawmakers and policymakers have struggled to calibrate corroboration requirements for asylum claims with the reality that many legitimate asylum seekers may not be able to obtain such corroboration.