court of first instance

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court of first instance

a court in which legal proceedings are begun or first heard. The European Union has a court which is actually called the COURT OF FIRST INSTANCE.

Court of First Instance (CFI)

(of the European Union) a court created by the Single European Act 1987 that has a jurisdiction to hear and determine at first instance certain actions brought by natural or legal persons. There is a right of appeal to the Court of Justice of the European Union. It has 25 members, appointed for a renewable term of six years, any of whom (with the exception of the appointed President) may carry out the function of Advocate General of the Court. The CFI may sit in chambers of three or five Judges, a Grand Chamber of eleven Judges or a single Judge. It can also sit in plenary session as Grand Chamber or Chamber composed of a different number of judges ‘whenever the legal difficulty or the importance of the case or special circumstances so justify’.

The CFI has jurisdiction over: disputes between the institutions and their employees; actions against the Commission by undertakings in relation to European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) charges; actions in relation to competition policy rules; actions for damages caused by an institution in respect of a matter over which the Court of First Instance has jurisdiction; by Council Decision 94/194 (7/3/94), a further transfer of jurisdiction was accomplished. The Court of First Instance now considers actions brought by persons for annulment and failure to act under the ECSC Treaty (relating to Article 74) and under the European Economic Community (EEC) Treaty in the case of antidumping and subsidies. Soon it is expected to take most cases other than preliminary hearings.

References in periodicals archive ?
The civil court of first instance told the insurance firm to pay Dhs30,000 to the husband but he challenged the ruling and took his case to the appeal court, stressing the amount was too low.
The investigating judge of the court of first instance in Tunis in charge of the case has issued detention warrants against four Tunisian employees, including a woman, all of them municipal employees.
The Court of First Instance hears cases and any appeals are sent to the European Court of Justice.
The Court of First Instance deals with cases involving EU competition laws.
The decision of the Commission can be appealed to the European Court of First Instance if it is unacceptable to the addressees of the decision.
Judge Mustafa BaE-er from the ystanbul 32nd Court of First Instance was arrested in May after he ruled for the release of Samanyolu Broadcasting Group CEO Hidayet Karaca and 63 police officers.
The Indian man has been charged in the Court of First Instance, with theft, fraud, forgery and for using forged documents.
Dubai Court of First Instance was told that a 20-year-old Bangladeshi worker was caught by a security guard trying to smuggle out four boxes of French apples from Farzana Trading at the fruit and vegetable market in Al Awir on March 1.
TUNIS, (TAP) - The Counter-Terrorism Judicial Pole is not an exceptional court or inconsistent with the Constitution, it comes under the Court of First Instance in Tunis, said Minister of Justice Hafedh Ben Saleh.
Data link, which must be installed from the supreme court, guatemala city, to the court of first instance of democracy, huehuetenango.
The defendants held in prison and the seven others being tried in absentia received last year terms ranging between two years and life in prison by the National Safety Court of First Instance.
Dubai An Emirati charged with premeditated killing "associated with the sexual assault" of a four-year-old Pakistani boy will be prosecuted before the Dubai Court of First Instance on Wednesday, Gulf News learnt yesterday.

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