court of first instance

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court of first instance

a court in which legal proceedings are begun or first heard. The European Union has a court which is actually called the COURT OF FIRST INSTANCE.

Court of First Instance (CFI)

(of the European Union) a court created by the Single European Act 1987 that has a jurisdiction to hear and determine at first instance certain actions brought by natural or legal persons. There is a right of appeal to the Court of Justice of the European Union. It has 25 members, appointed for a renewable term of six years, any of whom (with the exception of the appointed President) may carry out the function of Advocate General of the Court. The CFI may sit in chambers of three or five Judges, a Grand Chamber of eleven Judges or a single Judge. It can also sit in plenary session as Grand Chamber or Chamber composed of a different number of judges ‘whenever the legal difficulty or the importance of the case or special circumstances so justify’.

The CFI has jurisdiction over: disputes between the institutions and their employees; actions against the Commission by undertakings in relation to European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) charges; actions in relation to competition policy rules; actions for damages caused by an institution in respect of a matter over which the Court of First Instance has jurisdiction; by Council Decision 94/194 (7/3/94), a further transfer of jurisdiction was accomplished. The Court of First Instance now considers actions brought by persons for annulment and failure to act under the ECSC Treaty (relating to Article 74) and under the European Economic Community (EEC) Treaty in the case of antidumping and subsidies. Soon it is expected to take most cases other than preliminary hearings.

References in periodicals archive ?
The Supreme Court disagreed with the court of first instance.
The Dubai Court of First Instance considered the actions of the DIFC Courts and nullified the decisions of both the DIFC Court of First Instance and the DIFC Court of Appeal citing their alleged lack of jurisdiction.
The civil court of first instance told the insurance firm to pay Dhs30,000 to the husband but he challenged the ruling and took his case to the appeal court, stressing the amount was too low.
The court also concluded, following an examination of the arguments put forward by Activision Blizzard in support of its appeal, that the Court of First Instance did not err in law when it dismissed the application for annulment of the Commission's decision.
The Court of First Instance hears cases and any appeals are sent to the European Court of Justice.
The Court of First Instance has likewise thrown out Endesa's claim that only the part of revenues linked to distribution activities should be considered in determining the turnover of the group's distribution businesses, excluding sums received on behalf of other companies, namely electricity generators and network operators.
The Court of First Instance deals with cases involving EU competition laws.
TAP) - The Criminal Division of the Tunis Court of First Instance, which also acts as an appellate court in the Carthage District Court, has decided a partial revocation of the first-instance judgment in the indecency case involving a Franco-Algerian and his Tunisian companion, spokesman for the Court of First Instance of Tunis, Sofien Sliti told TAP on Wednesday.
The ADGM Courts are comprised of a Court of First Instance and a Court of Appeal.
Summary: Witnesses told the Court of First Instance that the company used to make the employees sign a blank paper, along with their names and date, when receiving the salary
Judge Mustafa BaE-er from the ystanbul 32nd Court of First Instance was arrested in May after he ruled for the release of Samanyolu Broadcasting Group CEO Hidayet Karaca and 63 police officers.

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