court martial

(redirected from court-martialed)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia.

court martial

a court held to try matters of MILITARY LAW. Made up of serving officers advised by a judge advocate, its sentences are subject to confirmation by higher military authority. There is an appeal tribunal headed up by the Lord Chief Justice.

COURT MARTIAL. A court authorized by the articles of war, for the trial of all offenders in the army or navy, for military offences. Article 64, directs that general courts martial may consist of any number of commissioned officers, from five to thirteen, inclusively; but they shall not consist of less than thirteen, where the number can be convened, without manifest injury to the service.
     2. The decision of the commanding officer who appoints the court, as to the number that can be convened without injury to the service, is conclusive. 12 Wheat. R. 19. Such a court has not jurisdiction over a citizen of the United States not employed in military service 12 John. R. 257. It has merely a limited jurisdiction, and to render its jurisdiction valid, it must appear to have acted within such jurisdiction. 3 S. & R. 590 11 Pick. R. 442; 19 John. R. 7; 1 Rawle, R. 143.
     3. A court martial must have jurisdiction over the subject matter of inquiry, and over the person for a want of these will render its judgment null, and the members of the court and the officers who execute its sentence, trespassers. 3 Cranch, 331. See 5 Wheat. 1; 12 Wheat. 19; 1 Brock. 324. Vide Gord. Dig. Laws U. S., art. 3331 to 3357; 2 Story,. L. U. S. 1000; and also the Treatises of Adye, Delafon, Hough, J. Kennedy, M. V. Kennedy, McArthur, McNaghten, Simmons and Tyler on Courts Martial; and 19 John. R, 7; 12 John. R. 257; 20 John. R. 343; 5 Wheat. R. 1; 1 U. S. Dig. tit. Courts, V.

References in periodicals archive ?
Pacific Fleet, has broader standards for evidence evaluation and can be imposed swiftly, Chaplin said, adding that, for Waddle, the punishment will be as humiliating as being court-martialed.
It's a dangerous situation and the unit is more likely to send the Soldier back to the rear provisional unit [at Fort Bragg, North Carolina] to be court-martialed as opposed to doing it out here.
Navy Court of Inquiry reportedly recommended that Waddle should not be court-martialed.
military court-martialed then-Colonel Billy Mitchell (5) for insubordination (6) resulting from public comments made by the war hero.