Court of common pleas

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COURT OF COMMON PLEAS. The name of an English court which was established on the breaking up of the aula regis, for the determination of pleas merely civil. It was at first ambulatory, but was afterwards located. This jurisdiction is founded on original write issuing out of chancery, in the cases of common persons. But when an attorney or person belonging to the court, is plaintiff, he sues by writs, of privilege, and is sued by bill, which is in the nature of a petition; both which originate in the common pleas. See Bench; Banc.
     2. There are courts in most of the states of the United States which bear the name of common pleas; they have various powers and jurisdictions.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
Chancery and circuit courts will now be combined into one trial court of general jurisdiction called the circuit court; and existing justice of the peace courts, courts of common pleas, police courts and municipal courts will merge into one new district court.
(21.) The Inferior Courts of Common Pleas had original jurisdiction over all civil matters concerning amounts greater than 40 shillings in which the Crown was not a plaintiff and, thus, were the principal for a for initiating private debt actions.
Ayatollah Khamenei agreed to a request by Iran's Judiciary Chief Ayatollah Sadeq Amoli Larijani to pardon or reduce the sentences of 1,086 eligible inmates convicted by courts of common pleas, the Islamic Revolution tribunals, the Judicial Organization of the Armed Forces and the State Discretionary Punishment Organization.