The items used in this study to measure EO and performance were adapted from previously established scales shown to be reliable measures in the entrepreneurship literature (Covin
and Slevin 1989; Wiklund and Shepherd 2003).
Mais voltada para o contexto privado, visando principalmente auxiliar as empresas na tomada de decisao e na obtencao de vantagem competitiva (COVIN
; SLEVIN, 1991; LUMPKIN; DESS, 1996), a OE deve ser entendida a partir das estrategias adotadas por estas organizacoes (MILLER, 1983).
Motivated by this fact as well as by Covin
and Slevin (1989) and Gruber-Muecke and Hofer (2015) who argued that a firm's internal capabilities have more influence on performance over its external capabilities.
and Slevin (1991) entrepreneurship at the organizational level cannot exist without innovation.
provision of the day center service for dependent elderly people located in doctor grande covin
street - "las teresas" industrial estate, In accordance with the provisions of the specific technical specifications of 29.11.2017, Drawn up by the municipal services center social (ms.
Knowledge of CE is to some extent fragmented, and despite our expanding awareness of CE (Ireland, Covin
& Kuratko, 2009), holistic studies with a focus on the connection between the divided parts may provide ways to assemble the fragments; for this reason, researchers have lately attempted studies of entrepreneurship using a process approach, (e.g., De Lurdes Calisto & Sarkar, 2017; Mavi, Mavi & Goh, 2017).
Corporate Entrepreneurship provides new business development, new technologies and products, and the entry into new markets, thereby promoting improvements in Organizational Performance (Burgelman, 1983; Covin
& Miles, 1999; Stopford & Baden-Fuller, 1994; Hoeltgebaum, Amal & Andersson, 2014a; Hoeltgebaum, Amal & Andersson, 2014b; Urbano & Alvarez ,2014; Gomez & Haro, 2016)).
The questions asked in the survey are two research tools approved in literature purposes: the EO contains the questions brought by Miller (1983), which was improved by Covin
and Slevin (1989) who added the dimensions of proactive approach, innovation and risk taking, and also 9 affirmations measured by a Likert-type semantic differential scale of 7 points.
Thirdly, PMS and EO perceive the adoption of entrepreneurial activities as an organizational strategy (Miller, 1983; Covin
& Slevin, 1989; Lumpkin & Dess, 1996; Cooke-Davis, Crawford, & Lechler, 2009).
En este sentido, Covin
y Slevin (1991) plantean que la efectividad del emprendimiento se mide en el ambito de una firma.
A partir de esta integracion se hace referencia a la iniciativa empresarial como proceso que conduce al exito exportador de las pymes (Jennings y Lumpkin, 1989; Covin
y Slevin, 1991; Zahra, 1993; Lumpkin y Dess, 1996), sustentando que el alto dinamismo y competitividad del mercado exportador con respecto al mercado nacional, crean la necesidad de examinar el vinculo entre emprendimiento y rendimiento, y la adopcion de una postura emprendedora se convierte en un requisito para las empresas que buscan obtener un desempeno exportador satisfactorio (Covin
y Slevin, 1989; Lumpkin y Dess, 1996).
Building on the Austrian view of competition (Schumpeter 1934, 1950), competitive dynamics scholars have defined 'competitive aggressiveness' as the extent to which a firm forcefully takes a large number and a complex repertoire of actions to outperform its competitors in the marketplace (Covin
1990; Chen and Hambrick 1995; Chen et al.