Resistance

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RESISTANCE. The opposition of force to force.
     2. Resistance is either lawful or unlawful. 1. It is lawful to resist one who is in the act of committing a felony or other crime, or who maliciously endeavors to commit such felony or crime. See self defence. And a man may oppose force to force against one who endeavors to make an arrest, or to enter his house without lawful authority for the purpose; or, if in certain cases he abuse such authority, and do more than he was authorized to do; or if it turn out in the result he has no right to enter, then the party about to be imprisoned, or whose house is about to be illegally entered, may resist the illegal imprisonment or entry by self-defence, not using any dangerous weapons, and may escape, be rescued, or even break prison, and others may assist him in so doing. 5 Taunt. 765; 1 B. & Adol, 166; 1 East, P. C. 295; 5 East, 304; 1 Chit. Pr. 634. See Regular and Irregular Process.
     3.-2. Resistance is unlawful when the persons having a lawful authority to arrest, apprehend, or imprison, or otherwise to advance or execute the public justice of the country, either civil or criminal, and using the proper means for that purpose, are resisted in so doing; and if the party guilty of such resistance, or others assisting him, be killed in the struggle, such homicide is justifiable; while on the other hand, if the officer be killed, it will, at common law, be murder in those who resist. Fost. 270; 1 Hale, 457; 1 East, P. C. 305.

References in periodicals archive ?
A katG mutation confers high-level INH resistance and an inhA mutation confers ethionamide cross-resistance. [2,9,11,23] Therefore, patients with dual inhA and katG mutations (22.7% in our study) are unlikely to respond to either high-dose INH or ethionamide, and therefore need to be considered for an individualised TB regimen.
In a laboratory test conducted on the remaining cockroaches, the researchers also found that 'cross-resistance likely played a significant role.'
7: Cross-resistance levels among carboxamide fungicides tested on Alternaria alternata isolates collected in pistachio producing regions of California.
Genetics, cross-resistance and mechanism of resistance to spinosad in a field strain of Musca domestica L.
The isolates from the previous eradication failure are classified as secondary strains, and the antimicrobial resistance of these strains (2nd resistance) is higher than the primary resistance from selection of mutations or cross-resistance and subsequent horizontal transmission of mutant resistance genes related to the antibiotics used [22, 34, 45, 46].
Also cross-resistance of MRSA towards OXA-PEN-FOX-TCY combination was observed slightly less in broiler 16% (64/416) (Table 5) than in bovine 19% (15/80) as mentioned in Table 6 although highest noncomparative cross-resistance in broiler MRSA was 20% (82/448) towards OXA-FOX-TCY combination (Table 5) and 43% in bovine MRSA against OXA-PEN-FOX combination (Table 6).
Analysis of resistance, cross-resistance and antimicrobial combinations for Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates from 1997 to 2009.
At the same time, some studies observe that fluconazole-resistant isolates also develop resistance to voriconazole as a result of cross-resistance. Practically, voriconazole has been found to be more effective than itraconazole and fluconazole, however, emergence of voriconazole resistance in isolates is most likely related with crossing resistance, due to similarity in their chemical structure which is a serious matter of concern for the community.
Triazole fungicides can induce cross-resistance to medical triazoles in Aspergillus fumigatus .
Menday, "Cross-resistance and associated resistance in 2478 Escherichia coli isolates from the Pan-European ECO-SENS project surveying the antimicrobial susceptibility of pathogens from uncomplicated urinary tract infections," Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, vol.
Since FOM has a unique mode of action that differed from other antibiotics, it is expected to display little cross-resistance to other antimicrobial agents.
The fluoroquinolone-resistant strains in recurrent infection showed high cross-resistance to aminoglycosides (amikacin, gentamicin, netilmicin, isepamicin, and tobramycin), [beta]-lactams (ticarcillin, ticarcillin/clavulanate, cefpirome, ceftazidime, and cefepime), and extended-spectrum [beta]-lactams (aztreonam) (p < 0.05figure).