of knowledge and the speed of its diffusion necessarily imply increasing returns to scale" (Lucarelli and Fumagalli, 2008, p.
Moreover, characteristics that are associated with markets and industry being more (+) or less (-) conducive to open innovation include: short technology life cycle (+), e.g., ICT, electronics and telecoms industries; long technology life cycle (-); knowledge intensity (+); technological intensity (+); legal protection of innovation (+); long technology life cycle but strong IPR protection (+), e.g., pharmaceuticals, chemicals and material industries; path dependency and cumulativeness
implying that future innovation depends on current and past innovations (-); tacitness of knowledge (-); and the maturity of industry (-).
He admits that there exists a "gradual cumulativeness
" of changes that eventually leads to parameter resetting, but at the same time he considers social impacts, such as fashion, expressivity, borrowing, etc., as casual and unpredictable: they cannot be formalized.
159-176), which carry to assert that the absence of cumulativeness
and systematic comparison of such a research in certain fields has prevented to identify those that we could define the "good practices".
Delay of gratification, much as the momentary frustration it begot, was an energizing factor and the source of identity-building zeal in so far as it was coupled with the trust in the linearity and cumulativeness
of time ...
Differentiating the construct in this way could stimulate theory development and, by encouraging consistency in measurement, promote greater cumulativeness
of empirical research.
In other words, "because we cannot achieve a basic level of agreement on the terms by which we analyze the social world, agreement on conclusions is impossible." (7) In our view, the rather careless use of the term global governance has contributed to rendering the academic discourse as confusing as it is and to profoundly limiting the cumulativeness
of research findings.
The first is the cumulativeness
, which is referred to as "accumulating absorptive capacity in one period will permit its more efficient accumulation in the next" (p.
While Stravinsky: A Creative Spring is exhaustive in its systematization of new biographical information, Stravinsky Inside Out (it too the result of investigative research conducted in Basel) is a collection of loosely connected essays whose main focus becomes clear only by the cumulativeness
of their thematic diversity.
Findings about an important Arab society may be compared to findings from research in other world areas, thereby contributing to the quest for theoretical cumulativeness