dead man

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Whereas stacked walls rely on batter and vertical members for anchoring, staggered walls can be built with a step-back batter and deadmen for anchoring.
Deadmen should be installed every fourth course of a tie/timber wall.
An alternative to using tie/timber deadmen is to use the drilled cable deadman system noted in Chapter 16.
The same pressure that's pushing against the wall pushes down on the deadmen to keep them (and therefore the wall) in place.
But there are more Squelches in Romford, Kent, plenty of Deadmen in Dartford, the Woofs are loudest in Lancaster and Kirkaldy is crawling with Bogies.
And the same is true of people named Cranks in Crewe, the Gotobeds in Cambridge, Deadmen in Dartford and Sowerbutts in Blackburn, says a report published today.
When the three of us, youngest in The crew, were handed poles and told To get the deadmen underground Or join them, we saw it a sullen Sort of lark.
Somehow we got the deadmen under, Along with empty lobster tins, Bottles, gear and ammo.
For added stability, perpendicular deadman ties, with ends visible in each stacked wall, anchor back 3 to 4 feet into the hillside; the weight of soil backfilled over these deadmen helps keep the walls from sagging.
Deadmen (Photos 7 and 8) are anchors, buried in the earth, that tie the retaining wall into the earth to prevent the wall from leaning or bulging.
But since these forces also exert downward pressure, they lock deadmen (and the wall) into place.
Install deadmen in the second or third course from the bottom and in the second course from the top.