Decretals

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Related to decretal: Hocktide, Decretal order

DECRETALS. eccles. law. The decretals are canonical epistles, written by the pope alone, or by the pope and cardinals, at the instance or suit of some one or more persons, for the ordering and determining some matter in. controversy, and have the authority of a law in themselves.
     2. The decretals were published in three volumes. The first volume was collected by Raymundus Barcinius, chaplain to Gregory IX., about the year 1231, and published by him to be read in schools, and used in the ecclesiastical courts. The second volume is the work of Boniface VIII compiled about the year 1298, with additions to and alterations of the ordinances of his predecessors. The third volume is called the Clementines, because made by Clement V., and was published by him in the council of Vienna, about the year 1308. To these may be added the Extravagantes of John XXII. and other bishops of Rome, which, relatively to the others, are called Novelle Constitutiones. Ridley's View, &c. 99, 100,; 1 Fournel, Hist. des Avocats, 194-5.
     3. The false decretals were forged. in the names of the early bishops of Rome, and first appeared about A. D. 845-850. The author of them is not known. They are mentioned in a letter written in the name of the council of Quiercy, by Charles the Bald, to the bishops and lords. of France. See Van Espen Fleury, Droit de Canon, by Andre.

References in periodicals archive ?
(23) Sobre su critica a la sistematica del proyecto de codigo y al abandono del orden clasico de las colecciones de decretales, vid.
Bonaventure, in his Commentary on the Sentences, takes a similar position in the end, after noting that "some say that the ordained must have the use of reason, or nothing whatever happens." He cites as an authority the same decretal of Gregory IX, the practice of ordaining boys to minor orders, and the validity of early confirmation; and goes with "the other opinion of the elders that use of reason is required for the order of bishop de necessitate sacrament), for the other holy orders de necessitate praecepti, and for minor orders de honestate et congruitate."(25)
En este sentido es representativa su decretal Licet: si una mujer y un varon se intercambian el consentimiento con palabras de presente, ninguno de los dos puede ya tomar a otro por esposo.
En la decretal Tua nos, que es la primera fuente de donde la tradicion canonica estudio y desarrollo la simulacion (hoy, c.
El analisis del comentario a la decretal maiores, que ocupa la primera parte del capitulo cuarto, resulta de un valor excepcional.
La decretal citada era, por ejemplo, el referente de cuestiones dilucidadas por via voluntaria como la anulacion o disolucion de esponsales y se aplicaba salvo que mediase oposicion de un tercero.
Por otra parte, reconoce, con la decretal Per venabilem, que el Rey no conoce a nadie superior en lo temporal, mientras en la Novit ille justifica la sentencia del Papa poniendo en entredicho al reino de Francia, no porque juzgue sobre el feudo o la temporalidad, sino ratione peccati.
Orlandis pone de relieve como el Papa Siricio, por decretal de 11-II-385, fijo las edades -muy elevadas para esa epoca--de acceso a algunas de las Ordenes: 30 anos para los diaconos, 35 para los presbiteros y 45 para los obispos.
y DUGGAN, C., Twelfth-century Decretal Collections and their Importance in English History, London 1963.
--, <<Ivonian intention to collect the "ancient canons" together with new decretal materials>>, in The Jurist, 67 (2007), pp.
Charles Lefebvre (70) ilustra el concepto de ratio legis sirviendose del texto de la decretal Saepe de Clemente IV, por lo demas frecuentemente invocada en este punto.
Y el Ostiense, seguido luego por otros, deduce de la misma decretal la potestad del Romano Pontifice sobre todo el orbe.