The eleventh-century Tynwald was a "law-speaking" assembly: two Deemsters learned in customary law expounded and applied that law with the assistance in difficult cases of twenty-four respected men from all parts of the kingdom.
Samuel Norris, an active constitutional campaigner, had inaugurated in 1942 a drive for further change, achieving the establishment of a Keys' reform committee and making no secret of his personal desire to see the official dominance of the Council ended and the Deemsters removed.
(40) Removals from the upper branch should be confined to the governor (lessening his workload and allowing a more impartial presidency of Tynwald Court) and one of the Deemsters (again in the interest of impartiality, in case a constitutional confrontation should occasion litigation).
(42) Having won this trump card, the repeated threat of its use over the next two decades enabled them to ensure the removal of both Deemsters, the governor's nominees, the attorney general as a voting member and finally the governor himself.
(149) It will also be recalled that the original Council was composed of officers with responsibility and expertise in different areas of the Manx administration; the bishop might be identified with the first and second Deemsters, who no longer sit in the Council, rather than the attorney general.