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n. an antiquated word for a document which terminates the effect of an existing writing such as a deed, bond, or contract if some event occurs.
defeasancethe act or process of rendering null and void; annulment. May also refer to a condition, the fulfilment of which renders a deed void or the document containing such a condition. See more especially VESTING.
DEFEASANCE, contracts, conveyancing. An instrument which defeats the force
or operation of some other deed or estate. That, which in the same deed is
called a condition, in another deed is a defeasance.
2. Every defeasance must contain proper words, as that the thing shall be void. 2 Salk. 575 Willes, 108; and vide Carth. 64. A defeasance must be made in eodem modo, and by, matter as high as the thing to be defeated; so that if one be by deed) the other must also be by deed. Touchs. 397.
3. It is a general rule, that the defeasance shall be a part, of the same transaction with the conveyance; though the defeasance may be dated after the deed. 12 Mass. R. 13 Pie P. 413 1 N. 11. Rep. 41; but see 4 Yerg. 57, contra. Vide Bouv. Inst. Index, h.t.; Vin. Ab. h.t.; Com. Dig. h.t.; Id. Pleader, 2 W 35, 2 W 37; Lilly's Reg. h.t.; Nels. Ab. h.t.; 2 Saund. 47 n, note 1; Cruise, Dig. tit. 32, c. 7,, s. 25; 18 John. R. 45; 9 Wend. R. 538; 2 Mass. R. 493.