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n. an antiquated word for a document which terminates the effect of an existing writing such as a deed, bond, or contract if some event occurs.
defeasancenoun abolishment, abolition, annulment, breakup, canceling, cancellation, cessation, close, conclusion, deprivation, disallowance, discharge, discontinuance, disendowment, disestablishment, dissolution, end, end of the matter, ending, expiration, finish, invalidation, limit, negation, nullification, ousting, recall, removal, repeal, rescindment, rescission, retractation, retraction, reversion, revocation, revokement, stoppage, suppression, undoing, vacation, voidance, windup, withdrawal
Associated concepts: condition, defeasance clause, defeaaance of contract, defeasance of title, defeasible estate
See also: abolition, annulment, countermand, discharge, discontinuance, dissolution, repudiation, rescision, revocation, termination
defeasancethe act or process of rendering null and void; annulment. May also refer to a condition, the fulfilment of which renders a deed void or the document containing such a condition. See more especially VESTING.
DEFEASANCE, contracts, conveyancing. An instrument which defeats the force
or operation of some other deed or estate. That, which in the same deed is
called a condition, in another deed is a defeasance.
2. Every defeasance must contain proper words, as that the thing shall be void. 2 Salk. 575 Willes, 108; and vide Carth. 64. A defeasance must be made in eodem modo, and by, matter as high as the thing to be defeated; so that if one be by deed) the other must also be by deed. Touchs. 397.
3. It is a general rule, that the defeasance shall be a part, of the same transaction with the conveyance; though the defeasance may be dated after the deed. 12 Mass. R. 13 Pie P. 413 1 N. 11. Rep. 41; but see 4 Yerg. 57, contra. Vide Bouv. Inst. Index, h.t.; Vin. Ab. h.t.; Com. Dig. h.t.; Id. Pleader, 2 W 35, 2 W 37; Lilly's Reg. h.t.; Nels. Ab. h.t.; 2 Saund. 47 n, note 1; Cruise, Dig. tit. 32, c. 7,, s. 25; 18 John. R. 45; 9 Wend. R. 538; 2 Mass. R. 493.