degradation

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The biodegradation of polymers by microorganisms can be catalyzed by extracellular and degradative enzymes, which attack the macromolecular substrate giving rise to products of low molecular mass soluble in water [23, 24].
This community could grow on 4-hydroxybenzoate but not the other carbon sources tested, and the degradative pathways and genes were analyzed with PCR approaches of functional genes [41].
Differences in the degradative capacity of brown rot fungi may also be explained by the number and types of lignocellulose-degrading genes in their genomes that would be effective on a grass substrate.
The genome-wide sequencing revealed that the degradative enzymes were widely distributed throughout the genome, and we validated the expression of the enzymes by RTPCR, demonstrating that 3-keto-steroid-9[alpha] hydroxylase, monooxygenase, dioxygenase, and DSSKP-R-001 are highly expressed in estradiol degradation, which is clearly the reason for the efficient degradation of estradiol by Rhodococcus DSSKP-R-001.
Proteins of FAM134 family are involved in selective autophagy, a degradative pathway which is involved in turnover of specific proteins and organelles, and FAM134 proteins colocalize with cis-Golgi marker giantin.
The effects of naringenin on in vivo MMP-3 secretion and on IL-1[beta]-induced gene expression of several degradative enzymes including MMPs in vitro were studied.
Degradative dye decolourisation by the fungus was measured by monitoring the absorbance of RBBR dye in the culture medium at its maximum absorption wavelength (592 nm) and also at 500 nm using a UV-vis spectrophotometer (UV mini 1240, Shimadzu).
These two lesions are coupled with the decrease in the amounts of acetylcholine and activities of the synthetic and degradative enzymes, choline acetyltransferase, and acetylcholinesterase [1, 2].
Forced degradation study solutions were analyzed using the developed method and the degradative materials peaks were adequately separated from that of Flr and Flx (Figures 3,4,5, and 6).
Thus, two types of inoculums were analyzed in detail to investigate formation of electrogenic microbial communities within MFCs having effective treatment and degradative ability.
During fruit senescence, ethylene and abscisic acid act together with degradative enzymes that gradually reduce the physiological capacity of the cells due to catabolic processes, cell dehydration and accentuated invasion of microorganisms, resulting in pulp softening (Chitarra & Chitarra, 2005; Saquet & Streif, 2012).
Lipid oxidation in meat is one of the major degradative change responsible for loss of meat quality.