Graft

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Graft

A colloquial term referring to the unlawful acquisition of public money through questionable and improper transactions with public officials.

Graft is the personal gain or advantage earned by an individual at the expense of others as a result of the exploitation of the singular status of, or an influential relationship with, another who has a position of public trust or confidence. The advantage or gain is accrued without any exchange of legitimate compensatory services.

Behavior that leads to graft includes Bribery and dishonest dealings in the performance of public or official acts. Graft usually implies the existence of theft, corruption, Fraud, and the lack of integrity that is expected in any transaction involving a public official.

GRAFT. A figurative term in chancery practice, to designate the right of a mortgagee in premises, to which the mortgagor at the time of making the mortgage had an imperfect title, but who afterwards obtained a good title. In this case the new mortgage is considered a graft into the old stock, and, as arising in consideration of the former title. 1 Ball & Beat. 46; Id. 40; Id. 57; 1 Pow. on Mortg. 190. See 9 Mass. 34. The same principle has obtained by legislative enactment in Louisiana. If a person contracting an obligation towards another, says the Civil Code, art. 2371, grants a mortgage on property of which he is not then the owner, this mortgage shall be valid, if the debtor should ever acquire the ownership of, the property, by whatever right.

References in periodicals archive ?
A risk prediction model for delayed graft function in the current era of deceased donor renal transplantation.
Maintenance immunosuppression consisted of tacrolimus, MMF, and prednisone Author Delayed graft function Acute rejection DKT SKT DKT Johnson et -- -- -- al.
Outcomes Recipients, n = 45 Delayed graft function, n (%) 9 (20.0) * Slow graft function, n (%) 7 (15.6) Acute rejection episodes during follow-up, 12 (26.7) n (%) Very early (0-7th day), n (%) 5(11.1) Early (the 8th day-6 months), n (%) 4 (8.9) Late (>6 months), n (%) 3 (6.7) Pyelonephritis episodes during follow-up, 7 (15.6) n (%) Early (the 8th day-2 months), n (%) 5(11.1) Late (>6 months), n (%) 2 (4.4) Death with functioning graft during follow-up, 4 (8.9) n (%) Graft failure during follow-up, n (%) 6 (13.3) n: number of patients investigated.
Serum neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin and interleukin-18 as predictive biomarkers for delayed graft function after kidney transplantation.
In our case, the elevated urinary markers were associated with acute Tac nephrotoxicity and not AR or delayed graft function as previous studies on kidney allografts pointed out.
BMI: Body mass index CIT: Cold ischemia time DGF: Delayed graft function HMOX-1: Heme oxygenase 1 IFNA1: Interferon alpha 1 IL-1F7: Interleukinl family member 7 IL-1R1: Interleukin 1 receptor, type I IL-10: Interleukin 10 IRI: Ischemia reperfusion injury TGF-[beta]: Transforming growth factor Beta.
The reason why ischemia did not result in acute tubular necrosis, delayed graft function in this patient is that this kidney had started diuresing postoperatively and later due to vascular kink ceased diuresing.
The product, DGFi, which uses the same AtuRNAi molecule as AKIi-5, was discovered and is being developed by Quark for use in prevention or treatment of delayed graft function in kidney transplantation.
Neff, FibroGen chief executive officer, said the company plans toinitiate clinical testing of FG-4539 in renal injuries beginning with delayed graft function.
As BMI increased, patients had significantly higher rates of delayed graft function.
Results: Delayed graft function (DGF) incidence, 1-year allograft, patient survival, kidney function recovery time, and serum creatinine level on day 30 were similar in both groups, with improved flow and resistance in the IP group.

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