25% of Deliberators
) with greater scalability, reliability and customization.
As has been found in other work asking patients or members of the public about priorities for research, priorities of our deliberators
differ from those typically found in research institutions and funding agencies (Tallon, Chard, and Dieppe 2000; National Science Foundation 2010), and lend support to the mission and types of research supported by PCORI.
Empirical evidence from small-group deliberation shows that non-argumentative forms of communication are used by deliberators
to build a common informational base and to critically analyse information (Black, 2012: 67); to foster understanding (Black, 2008; Dryzek and Lo, 2014); to question and to challenge experts (Walmsley, 2009); to build trust and sincerity (Ryfe, 2006); to justify arguments (Steiner, 2012); and to represent new interests and identities (Polletta and Lee, 2006).
The social legitimacy of the outcome of a public-deliberation event relies on the group of deliberators
representing the community.
As a relational practice, trust cannot be imposed as a rule for deliberation, nor may trust by invoked as a duty that obligates deliberators
. In this way, scholars may distinguish deliberative trust from alternative accounts that seek to mediate difference in deliberation by circumscribing its practice.
, not knowing his or her own place in a given social order, would have good reason to prefer that decisions regarding unowned property be made in light of such rules.
(1) Because rational deliberators
behind the veil of ignorance cannot know whether their views about final ends would put them in the majority or minority, they likely would not leave it to others to decide the final ends for them.
Consider (ii): it would be of no avail to share a set of interests or values if deliberators
employed different aggregation methods or metrics that determine an overall score or judgment for some combination of values.
Information and education first inform the deliberators
, as opposed to tapping into strongly held (perhaps atavistic) attitudes and opinions--which are, perhaps, too vividly based on recent experiences or molded by familial, religious, or demographic characteristics and affiliations and, thus, may not shed specific light on particular issues.
Atmospheric scientists and environmental activists were effective advocates and deliberators
in public space, but transmission to empowered space was only possible with the rhetorical impact of the idea of an "ozone hole" over the Southern Hemisphere.
However, a deliberative process skillfully facilitated outside the media glare will diminish substantially the partisan rhetoric and move deliberators
toward cooperative problem-solving.
from the White Paper deliberators
. Having a dedicated advocacy office