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See: artifice, bad faith, deception, error, fallacy, false pretense, figment, hoax, insanity, lunacy, phantom, ruse, sham

DELUSION, med. jurisp. A diseased state of the mind, in which persons believe things to exist, which exist only, or in the degree they are conceived of only in their own imaginations, with a persuasion so fixed and firm, that neither evidence nor argument can convince them to the contrary.
     2. The individual is, of course, insane. For example, should a parent unjustly persist without the least ground in attributing to his daughter a course of vice, and use her with uniform unkindness, there not being the slightest pretence or color of reason for the supposition, a just inference of insanity, or delusion, would arise in the minds of a jury: because a supposition long entertained and persisted in, after argument to the contrary, and against the natural affections of a parent, suggests that he must labor under some morbid mental delusion. 3 Addams' R. 90, 91; Id. 180; Hagg. R. 27 and see Dr. Connolly's Inquiry into Insanity, 384; Ray, Med. Jur. Prel. Views., Sec. 20, p. 41, and Sec. 22, p. 47; 3 Addams, R. 79; 1 Litt. R. 371 Annales d'Hygiene Publique, tom. 3, p. 370; 8 Watts, 70; 13 Ves. 89; 1 Pow. Dev. by Jarman, 130, note Shelf. on Lun. 296; 2 Bouv. Inst. n. 2104-10.

References in periodicals archive ?
The very notions of "home" and being "known" are themselves delusionary concepts like a self as separate from the moon.
Too much time has now been misspent in 14 years of delusionary rhetoric and pusillanimity.
In his inflammatory speech and in a delusionary manner, Hilal portrayed himself as peacemaker, a government reformist and an internationally respected leader.
Some who are delusionary want to pounce on the January revolution and think that they can undermine the stability that is growing daily or undermine the resolve that people have clearly forged with their will," said Morsi.
One effect of this "pastification" of antisemitism--that is, the situating of antisemitism exclusively in the past--is that if people say that there is antisemitism in the air today or that they themselves are victims of antisemitism, they must either be mistaken, over-sensitive, delusionary, or worst of all dishonest.
Iran is a country caught up in a quagmire of fiscal improprieties, a nation facing a downward spiral due to the delusionary policies of its rulers, a state whose president is off abroad mourning the death of another Executive Officer leaving the Iranian people to deal with their own pressing woes alone.
community organizing"' the model centred 'on specific gains and getting those in power to bend to people's demands, working towards a delusionary and deeply limited goal of creating "equal opportunity for everyone", rather than self-determination' (p.
the framing and packaging of images of the collective self can only result in a highly delusionary enterprise.
Elsewhere, I have criticised the latter interpretation of preparedness as a delusionary optimism that misjudges the vulnerabilities of the poor, the circuits of power that disable the poor, and the obligations of distant others to secure the means by which the poor can become active subjects (Amin, 2012b).
As argued elsewhere, prepuce removal (clitoridotomy or hoodectomy), as a recognized form of FGR, is not a delusionary rumination of some new breed of scholars; it actually obtains in several cultures.
Supporters of the regime as well as its opponents realize that Assad no longer exercises control over Syria, and that he has become isolated from everyone around him, living in a delusionary world of his own.
His transgressions are long and too painful to recite, including, among other things, his dubious election "victories" and his delusionary threats about Iran's supposed military might.