demesne

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demesne

land held by a person's own right and not through another and more particularly that surrounding a house or manor, retained by the owner for his own use. Ancient demesne signifies land held by the Crown at the time of the Norman Conquest and recorded in the Domesday Book.
Collins Dictionary of Law © W.J. Stewart, 2006

DEMESNE, Eng. law. The name given to that portion of the lands of a manor which the lord retained in his own hands for the use of himself and family. These lands were called terra dominicales or demesne lands, because they were occupied by the lord, or dominus manerii, and his servants, &c. 2 Bl. Com. 90. Vide Ancient Demesne; Demesne as of fee; and Soil assault demesne.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
How typical were the gardens created by such remarkable and wealthy figures as the Conollys and FitzGeralds of the landscaping of the more than 1,000 enclosed demesnes created in Ireland from the seventeenth century on?
The famous Castletown obelisk, for example, is on land that forms part of the Carton demesne. Although she does not explicitly make the comparison, the estates along the Liffey valley--Lyons, Castletown and Carton--were as knowingly conceived as their more famous counterparts along the Brenta or Thames.
Similarly potent analogies are made between demesne landscape and the theatre.
Demesne landscapes were knowingly created on the model of paintings by artists such as Claude and then themselves portrayed by Irish artists, including George Barret and Thomas Roberts.
Housing lines our left side with the sloping Demesnes on the right and we soon pass Chapel House, Laburnum Cottage (1858) and Broadgates.
However, the land has become a quagmire after becoming an unofficial car park, forcing the council to put restrictions in place so the Demesnes can be protected.