Tree

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TREE. A woody plant, which in respect of thickness and height grows greater than any other plant.
     2. Trees are part of the real estate while growing, and before they are severed from the freehold; but as soon as they are cut down, they are personal property.
     3. Some trees are timber trees, while others do not bear that denomination. Vide Timber, and 2 Bl. Com. 281.
     4. Trees belong to the owner of the land where they grow, but if the roots go out of one man's land into that of another, or the branches spread over the adjoining estates, such roots or branches may be cut off by the owner of the land into which they thus grow. Rolle's R. 394; 3 Bulst. 198; Vin. Ab. Trees, E; and tit. Nuisance, W 2, pl. 3; 8 Com. Dig. 983; 2 Com. Dig. 274; 10 Vin. Ab. 142; 20 Viii. Ab. 415; 22 Vin. Ab. 583; 1 Supp. to Ves. jr. 138; 2 Supp. to Ves. jr. 162, 448; 6 Ves. 109.
     5. When the roots grow into the adjoining land, the owner of such land may lawfully claim a right to hold the tree in common with the owner of the land where it was planted; but if the branches only overshadow the adjoining land, and the root does not enter it, the tree wholly belongs owner of the estate where the roots grow. 1 Swift's Dig. 104; 1 Hill. Ab. 6; 1 Ld. Raym. 737. Vide 13 Pick. R. 44; 1 Pick., R. 224; 4 Mass. R. 266; 6 N. H. Rep. 430; 3 Day, 476; 11 Co. 50; Rob. 316; 2 Rolle, It. 141 Moo. & Mal. 112; 11 Conn. R. 177; 7 Conn. 125; 8 East, R. 394; 5 B. & Ald. 600; 1 Chit. Gen. Pr. 625; 2 Phil. Ev. 138; Gale & Wheat. on Easem. 210; Code Civ. art. 671; Pardes. Tr. des Servitudes, 297; Bro. Ab. Demand, 20; Dall. Dict. mot Servitudes, art. 3 Sec. 8; 2 P. Wms. 606; Moor, 812; Hob. 219; Plowd. 470; 5 B. & C. 897; S. C. 8 D. & R. 651. When the tree grows directly on the boundary line, so that the line passes through it, it is the property of both owners, whether it be marked as a boundary or not. 12 N. H. Rep. 454.

References in periodicals archive ?
Tang, "A neuron model with synaptic nonlinearities in a dendritic tree for liver disorders," IEEJ Transactions on Electrical and Electronic Engineering, vol.
However, the molecular differences that may direct the formation of different domains within the same dendritic tree remain almost unknown.
Previous study [10] reported differences between neurons of the putamen and the caudate nucleus when dendritic field area and density of the dendritic trees were analyzed.
Once the decisive role of the MAP-2 protein as an essential component of the cytoskeleton in the structure of the dendritic tree and in the maintenance of the stability of its three-dimensional morphology was established it did not take long to associate dendritic pathology with changes in the expression of MAP-2 in various neurological diseases (Johnson & Jope).
Effects of vitamin B-6 deficiency on morphological changes in dendritic trees of Purkinje cells in developing cerebellum of rats.
Study inclusion criteria included a) location in the cerebellum vermis; b) planar dendritic arbor largely parallel to the focal plane for maximum area assessment; c) fully stained dendritic arbors unobscured by cells or precipitate, and d) an intact dendritic tree with no cut dendritic segments.
Because the cultured hippocampal neurons reconstructed in this study lack dendritic lamination and not much is known regarding the distribution of conductances in these cells, a parsimonious and controlled strategy in the present study was to take the average of the four different sets of dendritic tree conductances from our previous work.
The aim of this study was to investigate whether PMCA2 activity may be involved in Purkinje cell dendritic growth and whether it would be modulating the effects of mGluR1 activation on the development of the Purkinje cell dendritic tree. PMCA2 can be pharmacologically inhibited by treatment with 5(6)-Carboxyeosin diacetate ester, shortly known as carboxyeosin.
In contrast, inputs in vertebrate neurons generally are exclusively received over the soma and its dendritic tree, quite separate from the output region at the axon terminal [28, 29].
By combining behavioural, genetic, electrophysiological and optical techniques, this project will determine: (i) the biophysical properties and local connectivity of VMH neurons, (ii) the anatomical localization of synaptic inputs along their dendritic tree, and (iii) how VMH neurons that drive aggressive behaviour integrate synaptic input from anatomically and molecularly-defined pathways.
We show that distinctly different dendritic tree geometries in the sulcus produce greater arbor field overlap among neighboring PCs than in the apex.