This Note examines the variety of ways federal courts have approached apex deponents
and the apex doctrine.
The court reasoned that the former testimony hearsay exception is similar to, yet more generous than, Rule 212(a)(5); it can be invoked without prior notice, where the deponent
is a party, and where the deponent
's evidence deposition has been taken.
when considering the non-availability of civilian deponents
Before giving a statement, deponents
were informed that information included in the statements would be sent to the OGP and could be used in future criminal proceedings if the OGP so chose.
Most of the deponents
who entered into community reconciliation agreements have expressed clear satisfaction with the process.
At least we can suppose that if the two deponents
had cared to abide strictly by normative standards of Jewishness, they would have refrained from crossing the border into Spain and Portugal, where widespread anti-converso prejudice not only compelled converso returnees to suspend their observance of Halakhah (Jewish Law), the supposed bedrock of their normative Jewish identity, but also exposed them to the influence of Christianity, not to mention the possibility of persecution, incarceration, ruin, and perhaps even death, as putative "Judaizers," regardless of what they believed or did.
Watkins found ten deponents
including Appowell to provide answers to these new articles.
may feel compelled to be adversarial rather then fully open and forthcoming;
An Antiquated Ghost that Haunts / The Charnel-Houses of the Antients / And calls the Dead Deponents
up, to Answer / And solve all Questions of the Necromancer" (Samuel Butler, "Antiquity," (1928) 3-4, 5-8).
15) Counsel also should seek protective orders on irrelevant deponents
Even on "basic facts" like the ages or names or family relationships of some deponents
the documents turned out to be fairly unreliable.
Since the last annual return, as before, the bank has kept an account in the North River Bank, in the City of New York, in order to have its bills receivable and current in New York, so that such bills might pass in the state and elsewhere, without discount; and the directors have accordingly ordered such surplus funds, as were not needed at the bank for its ordinary business, to be sent to the said North River Bank, to redeem the paper there, and the sum above stated as being in that bank are the funds of this bank, placed there for the aforesaid purpose, with the ordinary means of the bank; and these deponents
also say, that they have used such means whenever requested by their customers and persons holding their bills, by giving drafts on New York at sight, and without premium.