fingerprint

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fingerprint

an impression taken of the indents present on the finger tips. These have been used in the detection of crime since before the Fingerprint Bureau at Scotland Yard was established in 1901, relying on the hypothesis that no two people have the same fingerprint. The first conviction was secured in 1902. The process works by comparing distinctive features of the suspect print with a print found at the scene of the crime. Palm prints were used in 1931. In 2002 it was accepted that ear print evidence might be admissible but that scientific misgiving meant that it could be subject to critical cross-examination. The process is now computerized. See e.g. AUTOMATED FINGERPRINT IDENTIFICATION SYSTEM (AFIS). While the roots of the use of fingerprints are in criminal investigation, computerization means that the same concept and technology can be used for basic civilian identification purposes, even secure use of personal equipment.
References in periodicals archive ?
The term dermatoglyphics is the scientific study of epidermal ridges and their patterns on palms, soles, fingers and toes.
The data on dermatoglyphics patterns of both palms and fingers were collected by traditional ink and paper method.
To compare the dermatoglyphics pattern of pulmonary tuberculosis with normal, both qualitatively and quantitatively.
DISCUSSION: Dermatoglyphics, as a diagnostic tool, is well reflected in a number of diseases which have strong hereditary and genetic basis.
Harold Cummins (1926) coined the word dermatoglyphics.
These disparities may be due to genetic as well as environmental factors and it has been reported that digital dermatoglyphics patterns are genetically determined and influenced by environmental, physical and topological factors.
CONCLUSION: The present study was undertaken to study dermatoglyphics patterns in hands of type II diabetes mellitus and its role in early detection of type II diabetes.
The knowledge of dermatoglyphics in patients with CAD can be utilized to find out the genetic correlation.
Keywords * Autistic disorder * Dermatoglyphics * Fingerprint * Child * Risk
11 Our patient had no alopecia, palmoplantar hyperkeratosis, or blistering and had absence of dermatoglyphics only over fingertips.