Reversal

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reversal

n. the decision of a court of appeal ruling that the judgment of a lower court was incorrect and is reversed. The result is that the lower court which tried the case is instructed to dismiss the original action, retry the case, or is ordered to change its judgment. Examples: a court which denied a petition for writ of mandate is ordered to issue the writ. A lower court which gave judgment with no evidence of damages is ordered to dismiss.

REVERSAL, international law. First. A declaration by which a sovereign promises that he will observe a certain order, or certain conditions, which have been once established, notwithstanding any changes that may happen to cause a deviation therefrom; as, for example, when the French court, consented for the first time, in 1745, to grant to Elizabeth, the Czarina of Russia, the title of empress, exacted as a reversal, a declaration purporting that the assumption of the title of an imperial government, by Russia, should not derogate from the rank which France had held towards her. Secondly. Those letters are also termed reversals, Litterae Reversales, by which a sovereign declares that, by a particular act of his, he does not mean to prejudice a third power. Of this we have an example in history: formerly, the emperor of Germany, whose coronation, according to the golden ball, ought to have been solemnized at Aix-la-Chapelle, gave to that city when he was crowned elsewhere, reversals, by which he declared that such coronation took place without prejudice to its rights, and without drawing any consequences therefrom for the future.

References in periodicals archive ?
Although hamstring extensibility improvements are expected to decrease after a period of detraining (Mayorga-Vega et al., 2014b; Merino-Marban et al., 2015), the PE-based stretching programs are frequently interrupted by several holiday periods (Viciana et al., 2014).
The training protocol adopted a randomized crossover design, which was separated by a 16-week detraining period.
investigated the training and detraining effects of EMST on respiratory function and voluntary cough in participants with MS with mild to moderate disability and age- and sex-matched healthy individuals [22].
V[O.sub.2 max] evaluation was performed twice, initially at 6 days after MI and again after the training and detraining protocols.
Table 1 illustrates the traditional indicators of exercise group balance training are presented as "pretraining," "training," "posttraining," and "detraining." Overall, the "pretraining" scores were the poorest.
Third, it is important to understand the impact of detraining. Detraining that occurs due to sickness or injury will compromise the training adaptations and the time to regain these losses may be greater than the time it took to lose them.
"Muscular characteristics of detraining in humans." Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise.
The following strategies for fighting detraining during travel periods come from certified personal trainer Kristal Richardson, a professional bodybuilder who spends a great deal of time on the road.
It was more of a tradition there, when railroad passenger services were at their height, that long-distance train passengers were shepherded and controlled - enticed to spend at the many lounge shops - before being allowed to descend on to the platform to join the waiting train (after it had arrived and unloaded detraining passengers).
Early long-term changes of equine skeletal muscle in response to endurance training and detraining. Eur J Physio, v.441, p.263-274, 2000.
One concern of athletes commencing a tapering regimen is the possible negative effect of detraining as a result of the reduced training load during the taper.