Weight

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WEIGHT. A quality in natural bodies, by which they tend towards the centre of the earth.
     2. Under the article Measure, (q.v.) it is said that by the constitution congress possesses the power "to fix the standard of weights and measures," and that this power has not been exercised.
     3. The weights now generally used in the United States, are the same as those of England; they are of two kinds:


     1. AVOIRDUPOIS WEIGHT. 1st. Used in almost all commercial transactions, and in the common dealings of life. 27 1/3 1/2 grains = 1 dram 16 drams = 1 ounce 16 ounces = 1 pound, (lb.) 28 pounds = 1 quarter, (qr.) 4 quarters = 1 hundred weight, (cwt.) 20 hundred weight = 1 ton. 2d. Used for meat and fish. 8 pounds = 1 stone 3d. Used in the wool trade.
     Cwt. qr. lb. 7 pounds = 1 clove 14 pounds = 1 stone = 0 0 14 2 stones = 1 tod = 0 1 0 6 1/2 tods = 1 wey = 1 2 14 2 weys = 1 sack = 3 1 0 12 sacks = 1 last = 39 0 0 4th. Used for butter and cheese. 8 pounds = 1 clove 56 pounds = 1 firkin.
     2. TROY WEIGHT. 24 grams = 1 pennyweight 20 pennyweights = 1 ounce 12 ounces = 1 pound.

     4. These are the denominations of troy weight, when used for weighing gold, silver and precious stones, except diamonds. Troy weight is also used by apothecaries in compounding medicines; and by them the ounce is divided into eight drams, and the drain into three scruples, so that the latter is equal to twenty grains. For scientific purposes, the grain only is used, and sets of weights are constructed in decimal progression, from 10,000 grains downward to one-hundredth of a grain. The caret, used for weighing diamonds, is three and one-sixth grains.
     5. A short account of the French weights and measures is given under the article Measure.

References in periodicals archive ?
Lifestyle Modification in the Prevention of Type II Diabetes Mellitus. Oman Med J 2012; 27: 170-1.
Electrolyte imbalance is commonly present in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. The cause is usually multifactorial, but usually results from insulin deficiency in diabetic ketoacidosis and hyperglycemia.14 The present study showed significant reduction in serum sodium and chloride levels with increasing fasting blood glucose and increase in serum potassium levels.
In the context of gender-wise incidences of disease, the current study reported that the incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus was higher in females than males, and the percentages of type 2 diabetes mellitus and tuberculosis were higher in males than females in the Pakistani population.
It has provided an evidence based conclusion for a policy to screen persons with type 2 diabetes mellitus for HCV and will help in creating awareness in diabetics about the more strict preventive measures for the common risk factors of HCV infection.
Diabetes mellitus as etiological factor of hearing loss.
During clinical posting investigator observed that many type 2 diabetes mellitus patients had undergone amputation, because they did not take care of their feet properly had developed diabetic foot ulcer.
According to the stratification of the risk of developing type 2 diabetes mellitus within ten years, and based on the questionnaire score, 20 (40%) participants presented low risk, 12 presented slightly elevated risk, 10 recorded moderate risk and 8 showed high risk of developing the disease.
Microalbuminuria was found with increased frequency in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. The relationship of microalbuminuria with glycemic control and duration of diabetes was statistically significant.
Diabetes Mellitus. In: Longo DL, Fauci AS, Kasper DL, editors.
La diabetes mellitus neonatal transitoria corresponde alrededor del 50-60% de las diabetes neonatales.
The estimated numbers of people suffering from diabetes have increased from 108 million in 1980 to 422 million in 2014.A3 There are two types of diabetes mellitus type 1 and type 2.
Diabetes mellitus is a chronic multisystem disorder.

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