In 2002, the most recent International Theological Commission document argued: women deacons were not the same as men deacons; the church's tradition clearly distinguishes priesthood and diaconate
; this is something the magisterium must decide.
The permanent diaconate
is not in competition with the priesthood; it's a supplement and complement.
The following is a list of this year's candidates for the diaconate
Primarily a top-down approach (emails and a reminder phone call directly to each diocese diaconate
program director) was used to recruit a large national sample size representative of varied regions.
For much of Anglican history, the diaconate
was seen simply as a step toward priesthood, but more recently it has been championed as a distinct ministry in its own right--one especially directed toward "those living at the margins of systems and society," as the report puts it.
The publication of Vagaggini's work appears to be designed to reinvigorate discussion on the possibility of ordaining women to the diaconate
in the Roman Catholic Church.
In the present: when was the diaconate
rejuvenated, and why?
Her books include "Women Deacons: Past, Present, Future" (with Gary Macy and William Ditewig) and "Women in Ministry: Emerging Questions about the Diaconate
" (Paulist Press).
In 1846, William Alfred Passavant, pastor of First Lutheran Church in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, visited Kaiserswerth, where he became convinced that American churches should establish the same type of female diaconate
he observed there.
of the Sacred Orders of the Diaconate
, the Priesthood, and the Episcopacy is the imposition of hands; and that the form, and the only form, is the words which determine the application of this matter." (4) The gender of the ordinand is not part of the determination of matter or form.
He added: "The ordination to the diaconate
of nine students from Maynooth College is a source of joy for the staff and students."