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United; coupled together in interest; shared between two or more persons; not solitary in interest or action but acting together or in unison. A combined, undivided effort or undertaking involving two or more individuals. Produced by or involving the concurring action of two or more; united in or possessing a common relation, action, or interest. To share common rights, duties, and liabilities.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


adj., adv. referring to property, rights or obligations which are united, undivided and shared by two or more persons or entities. Thus, a joint property held by both cannot be effectively transferred unless all owners join in the transaction. If a creditor sues to collect a joint debt, he/she must include all the debtors in the lawsuit, unless the debt is specifically "joint and several," meaning anyone of the debtors may be individually liable. Therefore, care must be taken in drafting deeds, sales agreements, promissory notes, joint venture agreements, and other documents. A joint tenancy is treated specially, since it includes the right of the survivor to get the entire property when the other dies (right of survivorship). (See: joint tenancy, joint and several, joint venture, tenancy in common)

Copyright © 1981-2005 by Gerald N. Hill and Kathleen T. Hill. All Right reserved.

JOINT. United, not separate; as, joint action, or one which is brought by several persons acting together; joint bond, a bond given by two or more obligors.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
These diarthrodial joints are formed by the articular facets of both the cricoid and arytenoid cartilages apposed in a multiaxial form.
The basic postulate for biomechanical development of the dysplastic trochlea is the Delpech law, according to which the cartilage of diarthrodial joints transfers decreased pressure and the neighbouring growth cartilage is in reverse proportional hyperactivity.
Mow, "A stereophotogrammetric method for determining in situ contact areas in diarthrodial joints, and a comparison with other methods," Journal of Biomechanics, vol.
[7] The facet joints are synovial joints of the spine, and osteoarthritis of the facet joints shows similarity to that of all the diarthrodial joints. [8] Although the primary risk factor of the disorder is advanced age, because of the high level of mobility and load forces in the lumbar region, facet joint osteoarthritis becomes more apparent in this spinal region.