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A record of the court. A paper is said to be filed when it is delivered to the proper officer to be kept on file as a matter of record and reference. But in general the terms file and the files are used loosely to denote the official custody of the court or the place in the offices of a court where the records and papers are kept. The file in a case includes the original complaint and all pleadings and papers belonging thereto.

A clerk files a document by endorsing it on the date it is received and retaining it in his or her office for inspection by the parties that it might concern.


1) v. to deposit with the clerk of the court a written complaint or petition which is the opening step in a lawsuit and subsequent documents, including an answer, demurrer, motions, petitions, and orders. All of these are placed in a case file which has a specific number assigned to it which must be stated on every document. The term is used: "When are you going to file the complaint," or "The answer will be filed tomorrow." 2) n. the master folder of a lawsuit kept by the clerk of the court, including all legal pleadings (pages) filed by both sides. Each case file has an assigned number, and each document in the file must have a stamp showing the date it was received and the name of the clerk who received it. Any document which is filed must be served on the opposing attorney, usually by mail, except that the first paper filed (complaint, petition, motion) must be served on all defendants personally (hand delivered by a process server). 3) n. the record an attorney keeps on a case, containing all papers deposited with the clerk, as well as all correspondence and notes on the case.


to start a court action.
References in periodicals archive ?
Receipts can also be turned into digital files. Scan or take a picture of it and store it away in a folder.
Transferring consumer digital files for archiving purposes is an opportunity for photo specialty shops and dealers.
This new generation of tech-savvy students creates content on their computers, then sends digital files to a printer or other service provider.
Then, in 1992, researchers at the European Laboratory for Research Physics in Cern, Switzerland, created a set of software protocols for moving text, images, and all other digital files over the Internet with a graphical user interface on client workstations.
Speed up network scanning while keeping digital files secured with the HP Scanjet Enterprise Flow N9120 fn2 Document Scanner.
SAMMAsolo is a compact, single-stream appliance that automatically migrates content from videotape to digital files in multiple formats while monitoring video signal parameters and quality controlling the process.
Ultimate--as with several other hologram organisations - has also developed a method of making holograms from a digital file, to allow the creation of holograms from video, animation or other graphic files.
While digital data are by their essence "immaterial" and digital files contain no "physical evidentiary information to assist in the study of the texts themselves or to provide a history of their transmission," it is not true that digital objects constituted from those data are entirely immaterial and can bear no evidence of their transmission.
For example, rather than ship a casting of a particular bone to other interested scientists, the Smithsonian could instead just send them a digital file.
Submit a high-resolution digital file (300 dpi with a final print size no less than 3 x 5 inches) or mail a traditional photo to the address on page 1.

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