Figure 5 shows that the recovery rate of asymptomatic individuals ([[gamma].sub.2]) has the most impact on the basic reproduction number as followed by the direct transmission
rate ([[beta].sub.2] and [[beta].sub.1]), indirect transmission rate (v), the shedding virus from symptoms individuals ([[empty set].sub.1]), the progression rate to hospital (S), and the clearance pathogen rate ([mu]).
6 compares PU's utility with our method, direct transmission
method and the equal bandwidth allocation method.
Figure 4 shows that the proposed SRS and MRS schemes generally outstrip the conventional direct transmission
in terms of IP and OP, in the case that m = 3.
Moreover, the performance of the proposed two schemes is significantly better than that in the direct transmission
. Although AF1 performs best among three schemes, AF2 can also achieve a high probability of spoofing detection that is larger than 0.8 at different Alice-Eve distances.
In the proposed scheme, selection of best relay node is carried out when the direct transmission
from the transmitting node [V.sub.i] to receiving node [V.sub.i+1] in a multihop network fails due to fading or the relay path transmission time is better than the direct path.
* Increased sensory feedback due to the direct transmission
of forces and vibrations to the bone (osseoperception)
The direct transmission
of movement in all directions gives a "real-time feeling," and makes the instrument an ideal platform for a range of applications, including microinjection and manipulation of suspension cells such as oocytes and blastocysts.
It is to note that preparations were finalized inside the Saeb Salam stadium at the Riyadi Club along with the direct transmission
of said match via "LBC" when information spread that security forces received orders to evacuate the stadium and to postpone the match in preservation of security.
In a traditional or direct transmission
setup, each sensor node collects the data from its surroundings and transmits it directly to the gateway as shown in Fig.
The basic idea in cooperative communication is that in addition to the direct transmission
from the transmitter to the receiver, there can be other nodes, which can be used to enhance the diversity by relaying the source signal to its destination, hence forming a virtual multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) system.
Extensive simulation results demonstrate that the DRR scheme can improve the overall throughput by 47% compared with direct transmission
and can reduce the energy consumption up to 40% according to the number of nodes.
In a word, because of the special physical and electrical properties of sensors and dynamic Internet of Things topology, especially the diversity of application service in complex environments, it is difficult to meet the needs of practical application and diversity to guarantee quality of service by using direct transmission
or fixed cooperative transmission control method.