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In Damned for Their Difference, Branson and Miller have presented a wide sweep of Western history (mostly British), linking the advent of the modern bureaucratic state with the disabling of the deaf minority population.
Vocational handicaps secondary to a disabling condition can cause a reduction in physical or cognitive capabilities and psychological functioning that can compromise career development.
The health conditions these women experienced presented some experiences dissimilar to those persons who utilize a wheelchair or have some more visible sign of a disabling condition.
For example, numerous disciplines participate in the teaching of the DECOD courses at the University of Washington: physical therapists from the Department of Rehabilitation Medicine demonstrate wheelchair transfer techniques, vocational counselors discuss psychosoical issues of disability, physiatrists lecture on various disabling conditions, nutritionists present concerns in nutrition, and speech pathologists provide dental professionals with basic information on speech and swallowing disorders.
In spite of these legal mandates, rehabilitation services are still inadequate for a large number of persons with disabling conditions.
The process, however, is complex, since societies, and particularly individuals within those societies, vary in their susceptibilities to disabling conditions as a function of their unique behaviors, technologies and other attributes.
Applied to this research, students in wheelchairs appear to be building a sense of cohesion through an inside humor system that revolves around the unique, though negative, aspects of their disabling condition.
As an example, a mother who had over a period of months gradually grown in awareness of the severity of her son's developmental delay was finally presented with a diagnosis of a very disabling form of muscular dystrophy.
Major chronic, disabling conditions such as diabetes, heart disease, visual impairments, hearing impairments, and mental conditions are often progressive, requiring long term treatment (Brody, 1983; Hunt, 1984).
Because the major health problem of the older population is chronic disabling illness, rehabilitation cannot be viewed as an adjunctive service to geriatric health care; rather, it is the mainstay.
Acceptance of disability is perceived as a realization of the difficulty of disabling conditions, but, at the same time stresses the intrinsic value and ability of individuals (Thorenson & Kerr, 1978).