district court

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District Court

A designation of an inferior state court that exercises general jurisdiction that it has been granted by the constitution or statute which created it. A U.S. judicial tribunal with original jurisdiction to try cases or controversies that fall within its limited jurisdiction.

A state district might, for example, determine civil actions between state residents based upon contract violations or tortious conduct that occurred within the state.

Federal district courts are located in places designated by federal law, hearing cases in at least one place in every state. Most federal cases, whether civil actions or criminal prosecutions for violations of federal law, commence in district court. Cases arising under the Constitution, federal law, or treaty, or cases between citizens of different states, must also involve an interest worth more than $75,000 before the district court can exercise its jurisdiction.

The federal district courts also have original and exclusive jurisdiction of Bankruptcy cases, and admiralty, maritime, and prize cases, which determine rights in ships and cargo captured at sea. State courts are powerless to hear these kinds of controversies.

A party can appeal a decision made in district court in the Court of Appeal.

Cross-references

Federal Courts.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

district court

n. 1) in the federal court system, a trial court for federal cases in a court district, which is all or a portion of a state. 2) a local court in some states. (See: court)

Copyright © 1981-2005 by Gerald N. Hill and Kathleen T. Hill. All Right reserved.

district court

1 in Scotland a court of summary jurisdiction held by a stipendiary magistrate or one or more justices of the peace to deal with minor criminal offences.
2 in the USA a federal trial court serving a federal judicial district or in some states a court having general jurisdiction in a state judicial district.
3 in Australia and New Zealand a court lower than a high court.
4 a court in the Republic of Ireland.
Collins Dictionary of Law © W.J. Stewart, 2006

DISTRICT COURT. The name of one of the courts of the United States. It is held by a judge, called the district judge. Several courts under the same name have been established by state authority. Vide Courts of the United States.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
The government has planned to relocate the district courts (West) to the building presently housing the IHC in Sector G-10/1, as somewhere in the middle of the current year, new building of the IHC, currently under construction in Sector G-5, will be completed at a cost of Rs2.6 billion over an area of 5 acres.
For judicial purposes, as a rule of thumb, all CDA sectors and areas adjacent come under the territorial jurisdiction of district courts (West), while rural areas of the ICT and adjacent areas come under the territorial jurisdiction of district courts (East).
Another lawyer at Islamabad District Courts, Zahid Asif Advocate, said that District Bar Association (DBA) and Islamabad High Court Bar Association (IHCBA) had passed resolutions demanding that both branches of the district courts should be constructed in one judicial complex.
indulged in by some district courts of filing post-judgment, post-appeal
Even if district courts incorporate such measures into their
decisions of the district courts of the United States ...
The district court disagreed, saying that, for any question concerning whether employees were covered by the Social Security system, courts should "err on the side of including employees in the system." The court agreed with the government's position that wages paid to medical residents had never been exempt from the FICA tax, although medical interns at one time had been exempt.
In Mayo, a Minnesota district court held that the student exception could be applied to medical residents in individual cases based on the relationship of the residents to their school.
The Florida district court, however, rejected this argument, stating that the case-by-case approach advocated by the Minnesota decision was wrong and not practical.
The first issue the Court of Appeals considered was whether the district court applied the appropriate standard to determine the relevance of the redacted information.
Rejecting the IRS's argument, the Ninth Circuit found that the two tests were essentially the same and that the district court had applied the correct test.
The other issue on appeal was whether the district court nonetheless reached the wrong conclusion.

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