Service

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Service

Any duty or labor performed for another person.

The delivery of a legal document that notifies the recipient of the commencement of a legal action or proceeding in which he or she is involved.

The term service has various meanings, depending upon the context of the word.

Under feudal law, tenants had a duty to render service to their lords in exchange for use of the land. The service required could take many forms: monetary payments, farm products, loyalty, attendance upon the lord as an armed horseman, carrying the king's banner, providing a sword or a lance, or plowing or other farm labor done for the king.

In contract law, service refers to an act or deed, rather than property. It is a duty or labor done by a laborer under the direction and control of the one for whom the service is performed. The term implies that the recipient of the service selects and compensates the laborer. It is the occupation, condition, or status of being a servant and often describes every kind of employment relationship. In addition, service may be used to denote employment for the government, as in the terms civil service, military service or the armed service, or public service.

In the area of domestic relations, the term refers to the uncompensated work, guidance, and upkeep an injured or deceased family member previously provided for the family; the injury or death of the provider of these services means that the work will have to be obtained from another source and at a price. In this context the term traditionally was restricted to the "services" of a wife under the theory that the husband's duty was to provide support and the wife's duty was to provide service. After injury to his wife, a husband could bring an action on his own behalf against the responsible party for compensation of the loss of her aid, assistance, comfort, and society. The modern view holds that a wife may also sue for the loss of assistance and society of her husband.

Service also means the delivery of a writ, summons and complaint, criminal summons, or other notice or order by an authorized server upon another. Proper service thereby provides official notification that a legal action or proceeding against an individual has been commenced.

Cross-references

Feudalism; Service of Process.

service

n. 1) paid work by another person, either by contract or as an employee. "Personal services" is work that is either unique (such as an artist or actor) or based on a person's particular relationship to employer (such as a butler, nanny, traveling companion or live-in health care giver). 2) the domestic activities of a wife, including the marital relationship (consortium), are legally considered "services" for which a deprived husband may sue a person who has caused injury to his wife. 3) the official delivery of legal documents ("service of process") such as a summons, subpena, complaint, order to show cause (order to appear to show reasons why a judge should not make a particular order), writ (court order), or notice to quit the premises, as well as delivery by mail or in person of documents to opposing attorneys or parties, such as answers, motions, points and authorities, demands and responses. (See: employment, personal services, loss of consortium, service of process)

SERVICE, contracts. The being employed to serve another.
     2. In cases of seduction, the gist of the action is not injury which the seducer has inflicted on the parent by destroying his peace of mind, and the reputation of his child, but for the consequent inability to perform those services for which she was accountable to her master or her parent who assumes this character for the purpose Vide Seduction, and 2 Mees. & W. 539; 7 Car. & P. 528.

SERVICE, feudal law. That duty which the tenant owes to his lord, by reason of his fee or estate.
     2. The services, in respect of their quality, were either free or base, and in respect of their quantity and the time of exacting them, were either certain or uncertain. 2 Bl. Com. 62.
     3. In the civil law by service is sometimes understood servitude. (q.v.)

SERVICE, practice. To execute a writ or process; as, to serve a writ of capias signifies to arrest a defendant under the process; Kirby, 48; 2 Aik. R. 338; 11 Mass. 181; to serve a summons, is to deliver a copy of it at the house of the party, or to deliver it to him personally, or to read it to him; notices and other papers are served by delivering the same at the house of the party, or to him in person.
     2. When the service of a writ is prevented by the act of the party on whom it is to be served, it will, in general, be sufficient if the officer do everything in his power to serve it. 39 Eng. C. L. R. 431 1 M. & G. 238.

References in periodicals archive ?
We should single out the music intended to be sung beyond actual divine services. The old hymn Hospodine, pomiluj ny (Lord Have Mercy Upon Us) has been mentioned above, with a similar function having been pursued by the chorale Svaty Vaclave (Saint Wenceslas) in the 12th and 13th centuries.
At Bugules's urging, Jakke-John and Robyn both turned up in church for divine service; because of their excommunicate state and their refusal to depart, Raulyn had no choice but to cancel mass.
Peter's church further up the leeward coast, there was "divine Service every morning between the hours of eight and nine [with] a considerable number of constant attendants." The minister provided catechetical instruction "on Tuesdays after the Second Lesson at Morning Prayer." (123) St.
And he completely ignores Madison's introduction of legislation in Virginia in October 1785 authorizing religious proclamations and requiring ministers to "attend and perform divine service and preach a sermon" on days appointed for "public fasting and thanksgiving."
As things worsened in the Ghetto, Shapira argues for a new model of service that will have an impact on the din (judgment) and cause God to reveal hosed (mercy): "But now a new mode of divine service has been given us; controlling ourselves, overcoming depression and a broken spirit, finding our strength in God.
In charge of its church was a senior priest they called the master, with three priests under him singing and maintaining divine service. Alongside was a hospital dedicated to St John and equipped with 30 beds for the poor and infirm.
In 1829 a Society of Singers at Sheen, promising to sing regularly and play skilfully in Divine Service, was given a charter.
The wills of all seven perpetual chantry founders in the church require that their chantry priests should be capable of saying and singing the daily divine service. This suggests that as early as 1323, the year in which Rose Wrytell's will was enrolled and the earliest perpetual foundation established, a conscious request was made by testators for their intercessory services to be sung.
The first formulation has a text that centers on what will happen liturgically in a future Zion, followed by a concluding formula that stresses (and presupposes?) divine service there, while the second has a form that centers on God's acceptance of Jewish liturgy, followed by a concluding formula that stresses (and presupposes?) his return to Zion.
But even they were "written with an especial view to divine service." And in the very year of their publication, forty-five tunes, one for each of Smart's meters, were commissioned from "the Most Eminent Composers of Church Music," and published by John Walsh as A Collection of Melodies for the Psalms of David According to the Version of Christopher Smart (London, 1765).
A group of young men were caught rehearsing by the constables and churchwardens in the loft of an alehouse during divine service in 1632.
Having sailed around South America, the expedition put into a bay at the 38th parallel where, according to the ship's log, "the admiral ordered divine service to be performed at his tent."