Down Payment

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Down Payment

A percentage of the total purchase price of an item that is proffered when the item is bought on credit.

In an installment sales agreement, a buyer is required to pay part of the total price, usually in cash, and later pays the balance through a number of regularly scheduled payments.

A down payment is sometimes known as earnest money, or a sum of money that a buyer pays upon entering a contract to indicate a Good Faith intention as well as an ability to pay the balance.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
VA home loans require zero down payment and are available to current or former military service members.
The first programme enables you to pay over six months with a EGP 2,876 payment each month without a down payment. The second enables you to pay along nine months, with EGP 2,031 paid monthly, also without a down payment.
But since the median value of a home in Denver is $313,800, a 20% down payment equaled $62,760, a 10% down payment was $31,380 and even a 3% down payment for a loan with Federal Housing Administration insurance equaled $9,414.
Since 2009 the share of buyers using low down payments has dropped every year compared to the previous year.
However, today's home buyers have many choices when it comes to the size of the down payment.
The original proposed rule in 2011 defined a "Qualified Residential Mortgage" (QRM), which would not require risk retention by the originator, as having at least a 20 percent down payment. The proposed rule exempted mortgages with an explicit government guarantee, including those sold to Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac as long as they remained under government conservatorship.
Many conventional lenders are requiring down payments of at least 5 percent.
Among other things, down payments were no longer a necessity.
NACA offers below-market-rate loans, currently at 5.5%, and mortgages that feature no down payments, no closing costs, and no application fees.
But again, health care packages, transportation and child care credits, and even down payments for a house, can't measure up to the importance of the intangibles: communication, professional development and work/life balance.
"History has shown that loans with down payments of less than 20% have a much higher probability of defaulting than those with down payments greater than 20%."