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A trench or ditch to convey water from wet land; a channel through which water may flow off. The word has no technical legal meaning. Any hollow space in the ground, natural or artificial, where water is collected and passes off, is a ditch or drain.

Also, sometimes, the Easement or servitude (acquired by grant or prescription) that consists of the right to drain water through another's land.

A number of states have drainage statutes in order to protect the welfare of the public. Such statutes provide for the construction of drains in areas that are swampy, marshy, or overflowed past their natural boundaries. Also contained in drainage statutes are provisions that regulate the creation and organization of drainage districts. The state legislature has the discretion to decide which lands will be included within a particular drainage district. For example, such a district might include territory of a city or village or property in two or more counties.

The specific plan for the construction of a drain is within the discretion of local authorities as modified by limitations or restrictions set forth by state drainage statutes. Only land that will be benefited through drainage improvements should properly be included within a drainage district.

In certain instances, liability has been extended to drainage districts that have failed to maintain existing drains. In order to remedy this situation, in some cases, landowners are given a certain portion of a drain to clean out and maintain in proper repair. Regardless of whether or not a landowner is specifically given the responsibility for maintenance, a landowner may only close or obstruct a drain with his or her neighbors' consent. If the land of an individual is injured because a public drain is being obstructed by a neighbor, then the person can bring suit for the damage resulting therefrom.

Subject to limitations imposed by the U.S. Constitution, a state legislature has the power to authorize drainage districts to prescribe special assessments to cover the cost of drainage improvements. Generally, only those lands included within a particular district are subject to such assessment. In certain states, school lands are exempted from assessments that drainage districts levy. Assessment review boards frequently entertain objections to drainage assessments; however, if no such board exists, assessments are subject to judicial reviews in the courts. A property owner can, therefore, go to court to challenge what he or she believes to be an unjust drainage assessment against his or her land.

See: consume, decrease, decrement, deplete, diminish, dissipate, eliminate, exhaust, expense, exude, outflow, outpour, remove, sacrifice, spend, tax

DRAIN. Conveying the water from one place to another, for the purpose of drying the former
     2. The right of draining water through another map's land. This is an easement or servitude acquired by grant or prescription. Vide 3 Kent, Com. 436 7 Mann. & Gr. 354; Jus aguaeductus; Rain water; Stillicidium.

References in periodicals archive ?
86 major drains have been identified which are directly discharging into River Ganga (30 drains) and its major tributaries namely Ramganga (25 drains), Kali-East (26 drains) and Pandu river (5 drains).
He said this while visiting Manzoor Colony Nallah, Chakor Nallah, Nehr-e-Khyam, Shah Faisal Colony Nallah, Gujjar Nallah and other storm water drains on Tuesday, said a statement.
Material and Methods: A total of 72 patients were randomly assigned to two treatment groups, group 1 (n=36) were subjected to burr hole craniotomy with use of drains and group 2 (n=36) were subjected to no drains.
To summarise, the drains are not required in most of the cases of thyroidectomy.
This unique plumbing tool changes the way that people traditionally approach clogged & slow-running drains, while simultaneously having a significant impact on the well-being of both the environment and the water systems.
The rationale of the study is to determine if the routine use of drains following thyroid surgery is of any value, so the same will be followed in subsequent surgeries.
Key Words: Thyroid surgery, Drains, Postoperative complications.
Unclogging the drain - Remove the food debris left in the kitchen sink drain.
These upstream drains are capable of draining the upstream slope and making the equipotential lines tend to become horizontal.
As a general rule, I am not a fan of box drains in all but the dirtiest locations in a winery, because box drains are open trenches that are terrible to keep clean enough in the indoor parts of the winery.
31 miles length in Gujranwala and Hafizabad whereas the Faisalabad drainage system has a length of 682 miles which mainly comprises of Jaranwala main drain, Barh Chiniot, Ahmad Pur Weg drain, Ahmad Pur Kot Nikka drain, Kalo Tarar Cchamb drain, Independent drain etc,he added.
It includes a wide variety of PVC and silicone drains, bulb and three-spring reservoirs, and accessories to meet specific patient needs.