Advise health care personnel to observe droplet precautions
in addition to standard precautions when examining a patient with symptoms of a respiratory infection, particularly if a fever is present.
Use droplet precautions
and contact precautions (if skin lesions are present) Pertussis 3 weeks or more after Close contact with (Whooping cough) onset of cough (5 days respiratory tract after starting secretions of infected antimicrobial therapy) person.
Patients on droplet precautions
are often placed in private rooms but also can safely share a room with another person if they are separated by at least three feet.
The facility had confined ill residents to their rooms, isolated affected hallways, posted signs requesting no visitors, and implemented droplet precautions
Patients reported adhering to droplet precautions
after discharge (mainly, wearing surgical face masks when in close contact with others), and none was believed to have transmitted the virus to others.
To decrease the risk for infectious disease transmission to health-care personnel, the Healthcare Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee recommends use of empiric infection-control precautions based on the patient's apparent clinical syndrome when the diagnosis is unknown and recommends use of droplet precautions
(surgical masks) for contact with patients with suspected or confirmed meningococcal disease (3).
We investigated a possible cluster of SARS-CoV infections in healthcare workers who used contact and droplet precautions
during attempted cardiopulmonary resuscitation of a SARS patient.
Interventions implemented by the facility on October 14 included use of droplet precautions
(4) and oseltamivir treatment for all residents with ILI, oseltamivir prophylaxis for all other residents and all staff members, restriction of exposed residents to their care unit, ill visitor restriction, and vaccination of staff members with 2009 H1N1 vaccine.
In 2006, during a mumps resurgence in the United States, the latest national recommendations from CDC and the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) stipulated that persons with mumps be maintained in isolation with standard precautions and droplet precautions
for 9 days after onset of parotitis (3).
The infant was treated with azithromycin (10 mg/kg/day on day 1 and 5 mg/kg/day on days 2-5), and droplet precautions
were initiated in the NICU.
On transfer to the PICU, the infant was placed on droplet precautions
and contact isolation, treated for suspected sepsis, and started on azithromycin for presumed B.
Contact and droplet precautions
were initiated after the procedure.