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n. real property, real estate (and all that grows thereon), and the right to minerals underneath and the airspace over it. It may include improvements like buildings, but not necessarily. The owner of the land may give a long-term (like 99 years) lease to another with the right to build on it. The improvement is a "leasehold" for ownership of the right to use--without ownership of--the underlying land. The right to use the air above a parcel of land is subject to height limitations by local ordinance, state or federal law.

(See: real property, real estate)

Copyright © 1981-2005 by Gerald N. Hill and Kathleen T. Hill. All Right reserved.


not only the physical surface of land but everything growing on or underneath that surface, anything permanently affixed to the surface (such as a building) and the airspace above that surface. It includes not only the soil or earth but always any water, a pond, for example, being regarded as land covered by water. Land may be divisible both horizontally and vertically; thus, ownership of the surface may be vested in one person while ownership of mines and minerals are vested in another. It is perfectly possible to have ‘flying freeholds’, where ownership of different storeys of the same building are vested in different persons. Scotland has a developed law of the tenement which has been given an even more coherent statutory basis in the twenty-first century.
Collins Dictionary of Law © W.J. Stewart, 2006

LAND. This term comprehends any found, soil or earth whatsoever, as meadows, pastures, woods, waters, marshes, furze and heath. It has an indefinite extent upwards as well as downwards; therefore land, legally includes all houses and other buildings standing or built on it; and whatever is in a direct line between the surface and the centre of the earth, such as mines of metals and fossils. 1 Inst. 4 a; Wood's Inst. 120; 2 B1. Com. 18; 1 Cruise on Real Prop. 58. In a more confined sense, the word land is said to denote "frank tenement at the least." Shep. To. 92. In this sense, then, leaseholds cannot be said to be included under the word lands. 8 Madd. Rep. 635. The technical sense of the word land is farther explained by Sheppard, in his Touch. p. 88, thus: "if one be seised of some lands in fee, and possessed of other lands for years, all in one parish, and he grant all his lands in that parish (without naming them) in fee simple or for life; by this grant shall pass no, more but the lands he hath in fee simple." It is also said that land in its legal acceptation means arable land. 11 Co. 55 a. See also Cro. Car. 293; 2 P. Wms. 458, n.; 5 Ves. 476; 20 Vin. Ab. 203.
     2. Land, as above observed, includes in general all the buildings erected upon it; 9 Day, R. 374; but to this general rule there are some exceptions. It is true, that if a stranger voluntarily erect buildings on another's land, they will belong to the owner of the land, and will become a part of it; 16 Mass. R. 449; yet cases are, not wanting where it has been decided that such an erection, under peculiar circumstances, would be considered as personal property. 4 Mass. R. 514; 8 Pick. R. 283, 402; 5 Pick, R. 487; 6 N. H. Rep. 555; 2 Fairf. R. 371; 1 Dana, R. 591; 1 Burr. 144.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
When the water was thus divided, the Israelites marched into the midst of the sea on dry land, with the water like a wall to their right and to their left.
Some 1,964.9 acres of land (wet and dry land) remain fallow in the gewog.
While octopus have previously been found on dry land in Norfolk, no explanation has been offered for their behaviour.
The two sides reviewed means of enhancing aspects of cooperation with the GDA in light of forests elimination and soil degradation in the dry lands, besides discussing the policies and techniques of water management and means of preserving, as well as the best use of water resources in the dry lands.
All sailors will get a hot drink on board to enjoy during the fireworks display and then a Welsh cawl back on dry land.
The human well-being of dry land people, about 90% of whom are in developing countries, lags significantly behind other areas.
The parliamentarian added that the bill proposes to allow the construction of animal farms on dry land.
Drowning on Dry Land can be seen from Tuesday, November 4, until Saturday, November 8, at 7.45pm (matinee on Saturday at 2pm).
Even though [the total number of] hectares had a slight slump, the yield per hectare is better then previous years." Brock said, adding that he has never seen anything like this, with a nine to ten tonne per hectare yield for dry land maize production.
The changes in canopy reflectance were also similar in irrigated and dry land, canopy reflectance formed an obvious reflection peaks at a waveband (510-680nm), but with the grain filling stage progressed, the reflection peaks gradually became unobvious, and disappeared at maturity.
Although the causeway was under two foot of water, the driver managed to reverse back onto dry land by the time the emergency services got to them.
Diving into action, the firefighters managed to get the equine back on dry land by around 11.45pm.