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30) que, baseando-se em Aristoteles, reafirma consistirem as digressoes na "insercao da materia estranha aquela tratada no momento", apesar de acrescentar algumas consideracoes sobre os conteudos que podem ser digressionados e de seus modos especificos de expressao, como a assercao, quando o adversario tem razao em um argumento; licenca, expressao de um pensamento que choca o publico; dubitatio, quando o orador pede ao publico um conselho sobre a conformacao do discurso e apostrofe, quando o orador se dirige ao adversario ou as pessoas ausentes.
In a later dubitatio, Lessius also mentions the case of a private person forcibly (and legitimately) despoiled of his only food for the benefit of a starving prince, in order to preserve the common good.
A pearl among the cases in Lessius' De iustitia et iure summing up his ideas on the morality of the market is "The merchant of Rhodes" in dubitatio 5.
Dupriez lists several similar terms: under dubitatio, he says, "The speaker hesitates, appearing not to know which word or line or argument to take, or which meaning to attach to an action" (144).
Execratio, concessio, dubitatio are the rhetorical procedures that Vico adopts when facing contrary opinion.
To this end, the closing chapters of the book meticulously catalog Hobbes's employment in the Leviathan of the tropes of irony, sarcasm, aestismus (inherently ambiguous descriptions of adversaries), and diasyrmus (likening one argument to another of patent absurdity), as well as a host of figures of speech, principally antithesis, epanaphora, dubitatio, epanodos, percontatio, apodioxis, meiosis, litotes, and tapinosis.
Against this background, I will now answer the question of this dubitatio.
Aquinas intensified the Aristotelian pedagogical ideal by universalizing the application of doubt in regard to truth questions; he spoke of "universal doubt concerning truth (universalis dubitatio de veritate).
Each of the seven chapters begins with a dubitatio or objection set forth by Leontius's adversaries to which he then responds.
Although Leontius formally maintains the style of dubitatio, in reality he has left it; here his enemies simply ask him to summarize the issues and his position.