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DUPLICATE. The double of anything.
     2. It is usually applied to agreements, letters, receipts, and the like, when two originals are made of either of them. Each copy has the same effect. The term duplicate means a document, which is essentially the same as some other instrument. 7 Mann. & Gr. 93. In the English law, it also signifies the certificate of discharge given to an insolvent debtor, who takes the benefit of the act for the relief of insolvent debtors.
     3. A duplicate writing has but one effect. Each duplicate is complete evidence of the intention of the parties. When a duplicate is destroyed, for example, in the case of a will, it is presumed. both are intended to be destroyed; but this presumption possesses greater or less force) owing to circumstances. When only one of the duplicates is in the possession of the testator, the destruction of that is a strong presumption of an intent to revoke both; but if he possessed both, and destroys but one, it is weaker; when he alters one, and afterwards destroys it , retaining the other entire, it has been held that the intention was to revoke both. 1 P. Wms. 346; 13 Ves. 310 but that seems to be doubted. 3 Hagg. Eccl. R. 548.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
A Rule 23 action for a claim seeking to recover wages due exclusively under the FLSA circumvents the FLSA's opt-in requirements, even when it is not wholly duplicative of the FLSA claim, and may not be maintained."
Instead the board chose a Maryland Insurance Administration proposal to cut the duplicative payments less aggressively to ensure less variation among rates.
Duplicative development occurs when, following the awareness of increased demand for a product, a "swarm" of firms, not all of which will ultimately survive, make investments to bring similar products to market.
But buying duplicative IT infrastructure is also expensive, and a cloud-based option provides smaller companies with a second location to store data, but also more flexibility in managing the costs of doing so, said Cryan.
Guinta and Hinojosa added, "Doing so would be one way to hold the line on, or even cut, duplicative examination expenses.
Tim Scott of South Carolina blasted Democrats for blocking his "SKILLS Act," a bill that he argues would provide needed job training for the unemployed and underemployed while also consolidating duplicative federal job training programs.
[sec] 1407 is effective and cost-efficient for both sides because it eliminates the burdens of litigating on multiple fronts, along with duplicative discovery and motions practice.
In its filing, LabMD wrote that the FTC's third-party subpoenas for Information are "filled with irrelevant, overly-broad, and oppressive requests and demands for duplicative information that is more easily obtained from LabMD itself." The company says the FTC's requests for information are a blatant abuse of power.
I am writing in reference to the letter by Ben Piercy in the November/December 2012 issue ("To reduce wasteful spending, weed out malingering clients"), which was in response to your editorial in the September/October 2012 issue regarding duplicative services.
Repeat or duplicative medical imaging is cited by politicians as a quick and painless way to cut health care costs.