(redirected from duty-free)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Financial, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.


A legal obligation that entails mandatory conduct or performance. With respect to the laws relating to Customs Duties, a tax owed to the government for the import or export of goods.

A fiduciary, such as an executor or trustee, who occupies a position of confidence in relation to a third person, owes such person a duty to render services, provide care, or perform certain acts on his or her behalf.

In the context of Negligence cases, a person has a duty to comport himself or herself in a particular manner with respect to another person.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


n. 1) a legal obligation, the breach of which can result in liability. In a lawsuit a plaintiff must claim and prove that there was a duty by defendant to plaintiff. This can be a duty of care in a negligence case or a duty to perform in a contract case. 2) a tax on imports. (See: duty of care)

Copyright © 1981-2005 by Gerald N. Hill and Kathleen T. Hill. All Right reserved.

DUTY, natural law. A human action which is, exactly conformable to the laws which require us to obey them.
     2. It differs from a legal obligation, because a duty cannot always be enforced by the law; it is our duty, for example, to be temperate in eating, but we are under no legal obligation to be so; we ought to love our neighbors, but no law obliges us to love them.
     3. Duties may be considered in the relation of man towards God, towards himself, and towards mankind. 1. We are bound to obey the will of God as far as we are able to discover it, because he is the sovereign Lord of the universe who made and governs all things by his almighty power, and infinite wisdom. The general name of this duty is piety: which consists in entertaining just opinions concerning him, and partly in such affections towards him, and such, worship of him, as is suitable to these opinions.
     4.-2. A man has a duty to perform towards himself; he is bound by the law of nature to protect his life and his limbs; it is his duty, too, to avoid all intemperance in eating and drinking, and in the unlawful gratification of all his other appetites.
     5.-3. He has duties to perform towards others. He is bound to do to others the same justice which he would have a right to expect them to do to him.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
'The current port will not be large enough to cater to the crowd expected when the island becomes duty-free,' she said.
Sun cream P20 Once a day sun protection SPF20 Duty-free price: PS9.99 High-street price: Home Bargains is selling this for PS9.49 Winner: Store, you could save 59p.
High street: PS199 Duty-free: PS165.80 SAVE: PS33.20
The draft bill put forth by Emil Vasilev provides for no such guarantees but stipulates preferential treatment for the duty-free trade operators who had their licenses suspended.
According to Zofri, 44% of the used cars that arrive in Iquique end up in Paraguay; 28% go to the duty-free zone of Punta Arenas in the extreme southern tip of Chile; 9% go to Brazil, and 5% to Bolivia.
Leaflets are available at check-in desks and around the airport that clearly state the facts, while promotional and sales staff in the duty-free shops help passengers to unravel the confusions caused by the decision to abolish duty free.
It could even confound the theory that the loss of duty-free sales would lead to 200 job losses.
But bulk buying and the promise of duty-free remaining for non-European Community countries could mean the growing airport, part-owned by Coventry City Council, does not lose out as much as it thought.
On past experience, Joseph Seagram & Sons, the North American wine & spirits giant has concentrated on spirits, but Seagram is also taking steps to move its wines into duty-free. Jonathan Pey at Seagram Classics in California (Sterling, Mumm Napa and The Monterey Vineyard) said the company is putting together two wine packages.
The European Commission announced, on February 11 in Brussels, that it would be unveiling a Communication on February 17 on how phasing out duty-free sales in the context of intra-Community travel would affect employment.
David Zimmer, Secretary-General of the International Duty Free Confederation (IDF C), has welcomed the Opinion adopted by the Committee of the Regions on September 18, calling for a review of the 1991 Decision to abolish duty-free sales on intr a-Community travel from June 1, 1999.
There's what you can buy duty free either on the ferry or at the duty-free stores at the ports after you have checked in.