Relation

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Relation

Kin; relative. The connection of two individuals, or their situation with respect to each other, who are associated, either by law, agreement, or kinship in a social status or union for purposes of domestic life, such as Parent and Child or Husband and Wife.

The doctrine of relation is the principle by which an act performed at one time is deemed, through a legal fiction, to have been performed at a prior time. For example, in the conveyance of real property, the final proceeding that completes the transfer of property is considered, for certain purposes, to have become effective by relation as of the day when the first proceeding took place. Relation, in essence, is the legal term for retroactive effect.

RELATION, civil law. The report which the judges made of the proceedings in certain suits to the prince were so called.
     2. These relations took place when the judge had no law to direct him, or when the laws were susceptible of difficulties; it was then referred to the prince, who was the author of the law, to give the interpretation. Those reports were made in writing and contained the pleadings of the parties, and all the proceedings, together with the judge's opinion, and prayed the emperor to order what should be done. The ordinance of the prince thus required was called a rescript. (q.v.) the use of these relations was abolished by Justinian, Nov. 125.

RELATION, contracts, construction. When an act is done at one time, and it operates upon the thing as if done at another time, it is said to do so by relation; as, if a man deliver a deed as an escrow, to be delivered by the party holding it, to the grantor, on the performance of some act, the delivery to the latter will have relation back to the first delivery. Termes de la Ley. Again, if a partner be adjudged a bankrupt, the partnership is dissolved, and such dissolution relates back to the time when the commission issued. 3 Kent, Com. 33. Vide 18 Vin. Ab. 285; 4 Com. Dig. 245; 5 Id. 339; Litt. S. C. 462-466; 2 John. 510; 4 John. 230; 15 John. 809; 2 Har. & John. 151, and the article Fiction.

References in periodicals archive ?
(2004) investigated the dynamic relation between market-wide trading activity and returns in forty-six stock markets and documented the evidence of a stronger relation between return and turnover in countries with restrictions on short sales.
In this article, we re-examine the dynamic relation between idiosyncratic volatility and returns on the market by addressing the problems associated with persistent volatility (see Ghysels, Santa-Clara, and Valkanov, 2005).
Our own behavior as observers takes place as a flow of dynamic relations between us, as bodily organisms, and the medium in which we realize ourselves in the flow of our recursive coordinations of behaviors.
She describes the dynamic relation between these 'survivors', 'the state' and local NGOs with international links.
The computer scientific visualisation of 3D character in inversely kinematic and dynamic relation with the control and command part of the interior of the tram driving cab, determined the acceptable biomechanical loads of the driver's visual fields.
Part 3 rehearses theological themes, especially questioning whether there is a unique Christian ethic, and holding a distinctively christological and pneumatological biblical ethic in dynamic relation with a universal and rational ethic.
While the modernist aesthetics of Clement Greenberg and Michael Fried relegate the artwork to a purely aesthetic realm, Smithson's Non-Sites point back to the site from which the minerals have been removed, aligning the categories of art and non-art, or the ideal and the real, into a dynamic relation that undermines the discrete identity of each, which modernism sought to uphold.
But for the onstage audience the viewing of this picture has a much more dynamic relation to the hearing of the words.
Rather, the center of ethnicity should be seen as a dynamic relation between cultural groups, and their texts as orchestrations of multivocal exchanges among these groups as they transform themselves (the hegemonic group included) in the process of confronting others.
Forging such a sense of space in our dynamic relation to the world requires, according to Morris, that we eschew approaches which trade upon inferences drawn from a reduction of experience to an underlying order that exists prior to perception, and that we realize that it is we ourselves who actively constitute our sense of space (p.
By conceiving intradivine being as a dynamic relation of moments, Hegel sought to free the Immanent Trinity of "personality," based on an inadequate substance metaphysics, and thus to explicate its ontological openness to, and need of, finitude.
Daryl Palmer, building on historian Felicity Heal's Hospitality in Early Modern England (1990), seeks "to define hospitality in dynamic relation to the age's ideology and theatre" (2) by comparing reports of practices, prescriptive pamphlet material and diaries, and a wide range of theatrical performances.

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