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A decree or law of major import promulgated by a king, queen, or other sovereign of a government.

An edict can be distinguished from a public proclamation in that an edict puts a new statute into effect whereas a public proclamation is no more than a declaration of a law prior to its actual enactment.

Under Roman Law, an edict had different meanings. It was usually a mandate published under the authority of a ruler that commanded the observance of various rules or injunctions. Sometimes, however, an edict was a citation to appear before a judge.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

EDICT. A law ordained by the sovereign, by which he forbids or commands something it extends either to the whole country, or only to some particular provinces.
     2. Edicts are somewhat similar to public proclamations. Their difference consists in this, that the former have authority and form of law in themselves, whereas the latter are at most, declarations of a law, before enacted by congress, or the legislature.
     3. Among the Romans this word sometimes signified, a citation to appear before a judge. The edict of the emperors, also called constitutiones principum, were new laws which they made of their own motion, either to decide cases which they had foreseen, or to abolish or change some ancient laws. They were different from their rescripts or decrees. These edicts were the sources which contributed to the formation of the Gregorian, Hermogenian, Theodosian, and Justinian Codes. Vide Dig. 1, 4, 1, 1; Inst. 1, 2, 7; Code, 1, 1 Nov. 139.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
And the six edict stipulated the appointment of Abdulrahman Ismael Al Housani as director of the Human and Financial Resources Directorate at the Legislation and Legal Opinion Commission.
''They have failed to cite verses from the Koran or Hadis (sayings of prophet Mohammad) in their favor, which proves that the edict issued by the Taliban (chief) has sound religious moorings,'' he was quoted as saying.
HRH the Crown Prince issued edict 4 of 2019 amending some provisions of edict 1 of 2018 on restructuring the Economic Development (EDB) board of directors as follows:
His Royal Highness Prime Minister Prince Khalifa bin Salman Al Khalifa yesterday issued three edicts re-forming the Housing Bank Board of directors, appointing a director in Muharraq Governorate and a director at the Civil Service Bureau (CSB).
He affirmed that the edict reflects Bahrain's keennes to put in place the highest humanitarian values in the labour market, out of its commitment to workers' human rights, highlighting the employers' positive response to the edict, as commitment to it exceeded 98 per cent in the past years, which, he said, reflects the recognition of everyone of its positibe impacts on production sectors, as well as its economic and humanitarian goals.
Article 11 of the regulation has been replaced by the following: "A social allowance shall be granted to employees in two categories according to the social situation." The edict also stipulates that Article 15 regarding the inducement allowance shall be cancelled.
According to the edict, Ahmed Mohammed Buhazza was appointed Director of Financial Information Systems, Layla Hassan Ahmed Ali as Director of Human and Financial Resources and Mai Mohammed Aladdin Ashoor as Director of Coordination and Programmes at the Ministry of Finance and National Economy.
Edict 30/2014 on unpaid bills has a maximum limit of one year, meaning families of those who died in that time will not have to settle their debt.
All the while, and particularly after the Revocation of the Edict of Nantes in 1685, the Lacger and other Protestant nobles were under pressure to convert to Catholicism.
Manama, July 4 (BNA): His Royal Highness Prince Salman bin Hamad Al Khalifa, the Crown Prince, Deputy Supreme Commander and First Deputy Prime Minister, today issued Edict 19/2019, appointing Shaikha Mashaal bint Khalifa bin Hamad Al Khalifa as Director of Administrative and Development Organisation at the Ministry of Interior.