Many such effects
have been overlooked because researchers prematurely stopped probing for biological impacts as soon as they identified dosage levels of a poison that appear benign, says toxicologist Edward J.
The disparate nature of CPF effects
on brain development, combined with potential impact on the maternal-fetal unit or general aspects of fetal or neonatal growth and development, renders it especially difficult to identify specific underlying mechanisms from in vivo studies or to discern why specific developmental stages or neurotransmitter systems might be especially targeted by CPF.
Although there seemed to be a minor effect
on dry compression and minor variations in friability, there appeared to be little significant effect
between sand samples mixed with the various water samples.
For example, the 5th edition of the American Psychological Association Manual (APA, 2001) emphasizes the necessity to include some index of effect
size or strength of relationship in psychological research further stating that the failure to report indicators of effect
or strength of relationship to be a "defect" (p.
Some study characteristics, effect
sizes, standard deviations of the distribution of the effects
, and references for the 34 studies are summarized in the Appendix A and B available at http://gamet.
An introduction to factors underlying fatigue and wear will examine material properties, fracture basis of events, processing effects
, rate effects
and thermo-mechano-chemical-environmental issues.
i] - y is the expected value of a state-of-knowledge distribution for the laboratory effect
methionine), hearing could be spared without reducing or eliminating the anticancer effects
of a chemotherapeutic regimen.
The present study was designed to evaluate both the positive and negative effects
of health risk messages and to provide practical suggestions for developing effective risk communications.
These hazards include acute toxic hazard, such as to people with impaired kidney function, as well as chronic toxic hazards of gene mutations, cancer, reproductive effects
, neurotoxicity, bone pathology and dental fluorosis.
Started in 1993, the international Cochrane Collaboration's library of existing randomized and possibly randomized trials on the effects
of health-care interventions contains 250,000 entries.
Editors will no longer need to wait lengthy periods for effects
and transitions to render.