5) that an election to take an elective share
must be filed within the time provided by law.
The Elective Share
Review Committee focused on updating a surviving spouse's right to estate assets.
Ever since the statutory elective share
replaced dower and curtesy, courts have been trying to expand the property subject to the spouse's elective share
Specialties are Probate, trusts, elective share
trust, wills, power of atty, Medicaid, VA, and LTC planning.
This third edition offers expanded coverage of the elective share
doctrine of the Uniform Probate Code, analyzing the Code's harmless error approach versus the traditional strict compliance approach.
Disinheriting a spouse is more complex because of elective share
statutes; most states require the affected spouse to sign a waiver at the time the will is signed stating that he or she is consenting to the disinheritance.
Previously, the statutory elective share
extended only to the decedent spouse's probate estate.
In addition, if properly established, trust-held assets are protected from state elective share
statutes (which allow the spouse to "elect against the will" and claim up to one-third of the breadwinner's assets potentially, destroying the asset distribution plan).
A number of states grant a surviving spouse the right to take an elective share
of the decendent spouse's estate.
However, before pursuing such an agreement, local law should be consulted to ensure that such restrictive agreements are enforceable, especially in light of a surviving spouse's elective share
statute or other statutory authority that gives the surviving spouse the right to select the S corporation stock from the decedent's estate.
The IRS has addressed the following issues: Timing of the charitable deduction in connection with gifts of stock options, gifts where the donor retains the ability to manage the gift property, final regulations concerning the charitable remainder trust characterization and ordering rules, and a controversial (and withdrawn) proposal concerning the impact of spousal elective share
laws on the qualification of charitable remainder trusts.
However, in estates that experience significant liquidity problems, elective share
issues, creditor problems, or friction between the beneficiaries, the issue may need to be squarely addressed.