Fire

(redirected from electric fire)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Financial, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

Fire

The primary result of combustion. The juridical meaning does not differ from the vernacular meaning.

It is a crime to burn certain types of property under particular circumstances, both under the Common Law and a number of state statutes. Some of these crimes are regarded as Arson, but ordinarily, arson relates specifically to buildings and their contents.

The act of willfully and maliciously setting fire to property belonging to another person—such as stacks of hay or grain, grasses, fences, or wood—is ordinarily punishable as a misdemeanor. Some jurisdictions grade the offense as a felony.

Statutes relating to fires ordinarily define the acts required for conviction. Under these statutes, willfully is defined as meaning with an evil or malicious intent or malevolent motive.

An individual who willfully or negligently sets fire to his or her own woods, prairie land, or other specified areas might be guilty of a misdemeanor. In addition, it is a misdemeanor to burn such areas without first giving proper notice to adjacent landowners or for an individual to allow a fire kindled on his or her wood or prairie to escape and burn adjoining property.

Some statutes relate to burning cultivated ground. Such legislation exists to prevent disastrous fires, and they do not apply to ordinary acts of agriculture that are properly conducted, such as the setting of fire to an area of land to prepare for planting.

Under some statutes that prohibit or regulate the setting of fires, a monetary penalty is imposed on people who violate their provisions. Frequently an agency—such as a state board of forest park preservation commissioners—is named specifically in the statute to bring an action to collect the penalty. Some statutes impose liability on an individual who allows fire to escape from his or her own property even though such escape is not willful, while other statutes provide that a landowner who sets a fire as a result of necessity—such as a back fire used to subdue another fire—will not be held liable. An individual is usually free from liability when he or she is lawfully burning something on his or her own farm and the fire accidentally spreads to an adjacent farm or woods.

There is civil liability for damages at common law imposed upon anyone who willfully and intentionally sets a fire. Some statutes under which criminal liability is imposed for setting certain types of fires also make express provisions that the individual whose property is damaged by the fire may initiate a civil action to recover any loss. Generally, the limit of damages is the loss actually incurred by the fire. Some statutes, however, provide for the recovery of double or treble damages.

References in periodicals archive ?
As well as the coal fire she uses two electric fires to heat her home, but these can be extremely expensive to run.
Manufacturers of exclusive Fireplaces and suppliers of leading brand Gas and Electric Fires In a message to a constituent, which was posted on Twitter, Mr McCartney said that as a father of two girls he supported the bid to end the tax.
There is a good-sized lounge with an electric fire and a modern newly fitted kitchen with built-in oven, hob, washing machine and tall fridge/freezer.
The property has a lS arge lounge with gas fire and bay window, separate dining room with electric fire and patio door and a morning room, also with electric fire.
Firefighters say the blaze started when an electric fire was accidentally switched on and set light to newspapers and magazines on an ottoman seat next to it.
Locals said his heating system had stopped working so he got an electric fire to keep himself warm.
Thick smoke spread throughout the ground floor because of a fault in an electric fire, but her neighbour Andy Oxnard heard the peal of the alarm as he was preparing to go to bed.
Whether you decide on an iron, wooden or marble surround or opt for a solid fuel, gas or electric fire, it will give a heart to the home.
It seems that nothing is sacred in the fast-moving world of fireplace fashion and you can now even choose the colour of your flames on an electric fire - from red through pink to blue.
At Marshall and Pearson's store in Fort William, a robin has taken to perching on the surround of an electric fire in the stock room.
The transition to a single electric fire truck would see a reduction of diesel fuel consumption by approximately 185,000 litres and a reduction of engine oil disposal by approximately 400 litres over a ten-year period.