Force

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Force

Power, violence, compulsion, or constraint exerted upon or against a person or thing. Power dynamically considered, that is, in motion or in action; constraining power, compulsion; strength directed to an end. Commonly the word occurs in such connections as to show that unlawful or wrongful action is meant, e.g., forcible entry.

Power statically considered, that is, at rest, or latent, but capable of being called into activity upon occasion for its exercise. Efficacy; legal validity. This is the meaning when we say that a statute or a contract is in force.

Reasonable force is that degree of force that is appropriate and not inordinate in defending one's person or property. A person who employs such force is justified in doing so and is neither criminally liable nor civilly liable in tort for the conduct.

Deadly Force is utilized when a person intends to cause death or serious bodily harm or when he or she recognizes personal involvement in the creation of a substantial risk that death or bodily harm will occur.

References in periodicals archive ?
For the configurations with trapezoidal back electromotive forces, the three back electromotive forces are estimated from the following three equations:
Figure 4 is a plot of the effective value of the magnetic field as against the effective value of the electromotive force.
Each phase of motor is demonstrated by armature resistances (Ra.Rb.Rc), inductances (La.Lb.Lc) and counter electromotive forces (Ea.Eb.Ec).
I will refer to E as the electric field but use Maxwell's term "electromotive force" for [E.sub.v], the force on a moving unit electric charge.
Case 4 (when periodic electromotive force is applied, i.e., E(t) = [E.sub.0] sin [omega]t).
Small power AC machine adopts a single-layer chain winding, and TPMLWG has the same induction electromotive force with permanent magnet rotary generator whose rated power is X kW and rated speed is [n.sub.1N] working at low speed [n.sub.1] = [n.sub.1N]/X.
From theoretical calculations it can be concluded that induced electromotive force in the contour is very small.
With electromagnetic induction, a magnetic flux is induced between the power-transmitting and power-receiving coils, and operates based on electromotive force. This method has been used in cordless phones, among other equipment.
A single cell has an electromotive force of less than one volt and an output of only a few watts, so cells are connected sequentially in a stack to increase voltage and power output.
where [u.sub.A] represents the input voltage, [R.sub.A] is the electric resistance, [i.sub.A] is the armature current, e is the counter-electromotive force, L is the electric inductance, [K.sub.m] motor torque constant, [K.sub.e] ([K.sub.m] = [K.sub.e]) electromotive force constant, [K.sub.d][[omega].sub.m] ([K.sub.d] = b) damping torque given by the loss of magnetic field and viscous friction in the motor's bearings, [M.sub.m] is the motor's torque, [M.sup.r.sub.r] is the resistant torque reduced in the axle of the motor, [I.sup.r] is the moment of inertia of the rotor and [i.sub.total] = [i.sub.reducer][i.sub.transmission].
Electromotive force tables for pure-element thermo couple combinations.