In 2011, periodical cicada emergences were reported in 19 South Carolina counties.
In South Carolina, the 1985 emergence began around 21 Apr in Abbeville and Saluda counties.
Sixteen counties in southern Ohio experienced cicada emergences, with heavy emergences in parts of Hamilton, Clermont, Brown, eastern Butler, Warten, Clinton, Highland, Adams, Scioto, Lawrence, Gallia, Pike, Ross, and Greene counties (Fig.
Nine counties in Indiana experienced emergences with the highest densities reported from Harrison and Crawford counties.
We propose a conceptual framework to describe the configurations of a host-pathogen community that may lead to disease emergence in a target host.
Recent examples of potential emerging infectious diseases that were realized include the emergence of HIV-1 and HIV-2 in human populations, in which the close-contact nature of the infection process prevented transmission of simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) from primates to humans (6,24).
Twenty-four hours later, six of 15 sites had cicada emergences.
Most areas were reporting emerging cicadas by 14 May, one week earlier than the average historical emergence date of 20/21 May.