Emmenagogues

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EMMENAGOGUES, med. jur. The name of a class of medicines which are believed to have the power. of favoring the discharge of the menses. These are black hellebore, savine, (vide Juneperius Sabina,) madder, mercury, polygala, senega, and pennyroyal. They are sometimes used for the criminal purpose of producing abortion. (q.v.) They always endanger the life of the woman. 1 Beck's Medical Jur. 316; Dungl. Med. Diet. h.t.; Parr's Med. Dict. h.t.; 3 Paris and Fonbl. Aled. Jur. 88.

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His later Elements of Botany (1841) lists under uses of Petiveria, "acrid, sudorofic and emmenagogue: (156).
* Pregnant women should not use the plant because the leaves possess emmenagogue activity (ejection of the placenta and fetal membranes) and may induce abortion.
According to Riddle (1), Pliny (Gaius Plinius Secundus 23 CE-79 CE, also known as Pliny the Elder) was against contraception and abortion and therefore stated that DC was an emmenagogue, so as not to transmit the lore relating to its anti-fertility action.
The herb is considered to have emetic, stimulant, and astringent qualities, and is used in diarrhea and as an emmenagogue. Menthol is used in medicine to relieve the pain of rheumatism, neuralgia, throat affections, and toothache.
The nut is emmenagogue, purgative, the young ones make very effective laxative, mature seeds are vermifuge, good for urinary disorder, and is reported to have aphrodisiac properties.
Seed and bark are used as astringent, emmenagogue, in menorrhagia, spleen enlargement and diarrhea.
In 1931 Mrs Grieve refers to its emmenagogue action and the 1983 BHP includes 'menopausal neurosis' as one of its indications, and specific indications as 'emotional and vascular instability, including the hot flush, associated with the menopause'.
29###Rheum australe###Chotial###Roots, Rhizome and leaves###Purgative, astringent, alexiterix, emmenagogue, diuretic and act as blood purifier
(Verbenaceae), commonly known as Nirgundi, is already in clinical use in several traditional systems of medicine including Ayurveda, Unani and Siddha for management of pain, headache, inflammation, leucoderma, enlargement of the spleen, rheumatoid arthritis, gonerrhoea, bronchitis, fever, cold and cough, lactagogue and emmenagogue as juice, decoction and also as vapor (8-10).
Motherwort acts as an emmenagogue, which can stimulate bleeding.