His later Elements of Botany (1841) lists under uses of Petiveria, "acrid, sudorofic and emmenagogue
* Pregnant women should not use the plant because the leaves possess emmenagogue
activity (ejection of the placenta and fetal membranes) and may induce abortion.
According to Riddle (1), Pliny (Gaius Plinius Secundus 23 CE-79 CE, also known as Pliny the Elder) was against contraception and abortion and therefore stated that DC was an emmenagogue
, so as not to transmit the lore relating to its anti-fertility action.
The herb is considered to have emetic, stimulant, and astringent qualities, and is used in diarrhea and as an emmenagogue
. Menthol is used in medicine to relieve the pain of rheumatism, neuralgia, throat affections, and toothache.
asarifolia are diuretic, emmenagogue
is used in Algeria as a remedy for emmenagogue
, antispasmodic rubefiant, echarrotic powder.
The nut is emmenagogue
, purgative, the young ones make very effective laxative, mature seeds are vermifuge, good for urinary disorder, and is reported to have aphrodisiac properties.
Seed and bark are used as astringent, emmenagogue
, in menorrhagia, spleen enlargement and diarrhea.
In 1931 Mrs Grieve refers to its emmenagogue
action and the 1983 BHP includes 'menopausal neurosis' as one of its indications, and specific indications as 'emotional and vascular instability, including the hot flush, associated with the menopause'.
29###Rheum australe###Chotial###Roots, Rhizome and leaves###Purgative, astringent, alexiterix, emmenagogue
, diuretic and act as blood purifier
(Verbenaceae), commonly known as Nirgundi, is already in clinical use in several traditional systems of medicine including Ayurveda, Unani and Siddha for management of pain, headache, inflammation, leucoderma, enlargement of the spleen, rheumatoid arthritis, gonerrhoea, bronchitis, fever, cold and cough, lactagogue and emmenagogue
as juice, decoction and also as vapor (8-10).
Motherwort acts as an emmenagogue
, which can stimulate bleeding.