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They describe the components of nursing knowledge, including the metaparadigm, philosophies, conceptual models, theories, empirical indicators, and their relationship; strategies used to implement models and theories in real-world nursing; specific models and their analysis and evaluation, such as the behavioral system model, the conservation model, the science of unitary beings model, and the adaptation model; and nursing theories and their analysis and evaluation, including the theory of health as expanding consciousness, the theory of the deliberative nursing process, the theory of interpersonal relations, and the theory of human caring.
Usefully, they provide some specific empirical indicators of distress, including, inter alia, tuition discount rates over 35%, tuition dependency over 85%, student default rates over 5%, debt service over 10% of the annual budget, average annual tuition increases of over 8% over the past five years, and an average faculty age of 58 or higher.
Some examples proffered of empirical indicators of economic integration are poverty rates and income levels and, in the political world, voter turnout and representation in political institutions.

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