(166) Proponents of the PTA and Enabling Clause
state that they are reasonable because the difference between the preferential tariff and the MFN tariff, otherwise known as the preference margin, is small.
has since been incorporated into the GATT 1994.
The central provision of the Enabling Clause
is paragraph 2(a), which expressly authorizes the provision of tariff preferences to developing countries "as described in [the 1971 waiver], relating to the establishment of 'generalized, non-reciprocal and non-discriminatory preferences beneficial to the developing countries.'" (39) This reference to the 1971 waiver, contained in footnote three, directly links the Enabling Clause
to the GSP system initiated at UNCTAD II.
countries."5 The Enabling Clause
has since been incorporated into
In line with the transparency requirements of the WTO, ASEAN and India have notified the ASEAN-India FTA agreements to the WTO under the Enabling Clause
on 23rd August 2010.
Ministers could insert an "enabling clause
" allowing AMs to also vote on the legislation.
Because such programs have been viewed as trade-expanding, however, parties to the GATT provided a legal basis for one-way tariff preferences in a 1979 decision known as the Enabling Clause
. The Enabling Clause
was formally incorporated into the GATT 1994 upon the entry into force of the GATT Uruguay Round agreements on January 1, 1995.
IIT- Guwahati director Gautam Barua said: " This is an enabling clause
for the IITs to get into the medical sector." HRD ministry officials rejected any suggestion of being " armtwisted" by the health ministry over the issue of MCI's approval.
Because such programs have been viewed as trade-expanding, however, Contracting Parties to the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) provided a legal basis for one-way tariff preferences and certain other preferential arrangements in a 1979 decision known as the Enabling Clause
. In 2004, the WTO Appellate Body ruled that the Clause allows developed countries to offer different treatment to developing countries in a GSP program, but only if identical treatment is available to all similarly situated GSP beneficiaries.
At the end of the Tokyo Round of Multilateral Trade Negotiations in 1979, developing countries secured adoption of the Enabling Clause
, a permanent deviation from MFN by joint decision of the GATT Contracting Parties.
Provisions of the SDR would also be applicable to accounts which have been restructured before the date of this circular provided that necessary enabling clauses
, as indicated in the above paragraph, are included in the agreement between the banks and borrower, RBI said.
He further asked the Builders' Association of India to emulate the contract documents of NHAI, Delhi Metro and other such organizations and take enabling clauses
for preparing the unified standard contract document.