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Related to encopresis: enuresis
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Reid, who works one day week for the Kiwi Enuresis and Encopresis Association (KEEA), has been overwhelmed by the response to an article on enuresis and encopresis published in the August issue of Kai Tiaki Nursing New Zealand (p21).
Encopresis usually disappears with further toilet training once any constipation has been treated or emotional problems resolved.
Increased tonus of the pelvic base inhibits emptying of the intestines fully and leads to constipation or encopresis (17).
In this particular case study, it would be Nick's repeated incidents of encopresis that paint him as a "bad boy" or dysfunctional.
In retrospect, the patient's strict avoidance of fructose-containing food, combined with recurrent episodes of fatigue and apathy, persistent enuresis and encopresis, delayed language development, and the fact that the symptoms started at the time of weaning, suggests HFI as the most probable diagnosis in this patient (1).
Keywords: Encopresis, constipation, fecal incontinence.
Examining problems which are of central concern to practicing clinicians--including child abuse, enuresis and encopresis, ADHD, childhood conduct problems, adolescent violence, drug abuse, anxiety and depression, anorexia and bulimia nervosa, pediatric pain, and post-divorce adjustment problems--it also highlights priority areas for future research on the treatment of children and adolescents' psychological problems.
These may include teasing and provocative behavior, hyperactivity, evidence of low self-worth, isolation from peers, performance anxiety, aggression, irritability, intolerance of others, encopresis, selective mutism, reckless behavior, and suicidal and homicidal ideation expressed in the form of fantasy" (p.
Encopresis is a condition that combines several of these features.
They may also be more idiosyncratic problems such as encopresis in children or the experience of infertility for adults.