data protection

(redirected from encryption)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Financial, Acronyms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

data protection

the law applicable to the control of the use of information about people by those into whose hands it has come. It derives from the Community law of the European Union (EU), which provides that member states must protect the fundamental rights and freedoms of natural persons, in particular their right to privacy with respect to the processing of personal data. The law is not restricted to information on a computer. The system in the UK works through a Data Protection Register and the supervision of the INFORMATION COMMISSIONER (replacing the former Data Protection Commissioner). Those who are to use the information must register (data controllers and data processors). Even those who do not are obliged to deal properly with data as laid down in eight principles: data must be fairly and lawfully processed; data must be processed for limited purposes; the processing must be adequate, relevant and not excessive; the data must be accurate; data should not be kept longer than necessary; data must be processed in accordance with the data subject's rights; data should be kept secure; data cannot be transferred to countries without adequate protection. Generally, intra-EU transfer is permitted, as is transfer to so-called safe havens like the USA (see SAFE HARBOUR). The person about whom data is held - the data subject - has certain rights: a right of access; a right to prevent processing likely to cause damage or distress; a right to prevent certain processing for the purpose of direct marketing; rights in relation to automated decision-taking; and in certain circumstances a right to compensation. There are many detailed exemptions for the security services and other lawful authorities.
References in periodicals archive ?
Attorney General Barrs recent claims show how critical it is that we stand strong against threats to require encryption back doors.
This capability, which the FBI and Justice Department describe as "responsible encryption," is referred to by most security experts as an "encryption backdoor" because it would create a weakness in the security of the device.
It said other measures that systematically weaken encryption and digital security, such as key escrows and data localisation requirements, also interfere with users' rights.
Once the encryption is complete, FileVault will require you to log in every time your Mac starts up, and no account will be permitted to log in automatically.
Despite a sharp increase in the migration of sensitive data to the cloud, still just 36 per cent of respondents in the Middle East had a consistent encryption strategy in place.
* Businesses in the region view HSMs as increasingly important to an encryption and key management strategy - rated as either very important or important today by 56 per cent of respondents, and by 63 per cent of respondents over the next 12 months
- In Europe by the New European Schemes for Signatures, Integrity and Encryption (NESSIE)
While encryption has been the standard in business for more than 20 years, it has not been largely adopted by the average citizen for much of anything, including e-mail.
The tests focused on aspects of cell phone performance that tend to degrade during added loads like encryption including CPU and memory usage, and system-level latency.
At the event, he called device encryption "a huge, huge problem" for law enforcement.
The post Only 30% of ME firm have data encryption strategies: report appeared first on Tahawul Tech.

Full browser ?