data protection

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data protection

the law applicable to the control of the use of information about people by those into whose hands it has come. It derives from the Community law of the European Union (EU), which provides that member states must protect the fundamental rights and freedoms of natural persons, in particular their right to privacy with respect to the processing of personal data. The law is not restricted to information on a computer. The system in the UK works through a Data Protection Register and the supervision of the INFORMATION COMMISSIONER (replacing the former Data Protection Commissioner). Those who are to use the information must register (data controllers and data processors). Even those who do not are obliged to deal properly with data as laid down in eight principles: data must be fairly and lawfully processed; data must be processed for limited purposes; the processing must be adequate, relevant and not excessive; the data must be accurate; data should not be kept longer than necessary; data must be processed in accordance with the data subject's rights; data should be kept secure; data cannot be transferred to countries without adequate protection. Generally, intra-EU transfer is permitted, as is transfer to so-called safe havens like the USA (see SAFE HARBOUR). The person about whom data is held - the data subject - has certain rights: a right of access; a right to prevent processing likely to cause damage or distress; a right to prevent certain processing for the purpose of direct marketing; rights in relation to automated decision-taking; and in certain circumstances a right to compensation. There are many detailed exemptions for the security services and other lawful authorities.
References in periodicals archive ?
To balance security with ease of use, make sure the encryption solution you select lets you tailor security options to some degree, so that you can adjust security to meet the needs and capabilities of your organization.
Offers background encryption, allowing users to work while computers are being protected for the first time
Earlier this year, the White House announced a new set of crypto-export rules that, while complex enough to require a lawyer to parse, seem to take the lid off the export of encryption almost entirely.
Javier Pino, Visa's vice president of chip technology for Latin America and the Caribbean, admits that Latin America's web-sites have less security but he insists credit card customers are adequately protected by an encryption program developed by Visa and MasterCard known as Secure Electronic Transaction (SET).
ZixCorp's Email Encryption Service remains the first choice in the healthcare and health insurer communities because of our vast directory of email recipients," said Rick Spurr, chief executive officer for ZixCorp.
Asymmetric Encryption differs from symmetric encryption in that uses two keys; a public key known to everyone and a private key, or secret key, known only to the recipient of the message.
Perry's explanations - especially his disarming admission that the plot's logic is "tortured" - kicked me out of my Clancyworld musings about a plot to use the author's street cred to mislead the American public about encryption policy.
Whenever possible, the Clinton administration has conducted discussions about encryption policy away from public scrutiny.
Microsoft worked closely with Utimaco's development team to help optimize support for innovative encryption technologies in Windows Vista and other products within our portfolio -- advancing state-of-the-art data protection to better guard mutual customers' valuable information assets.
In order to secure the tape media content, strong encryption (i.
Three pending bills would bypass current regulations, allowing Americans to use any encryption programs they desire.
ZixDirectory is the foundation of ZixCorp's outsourced encryption service.