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The problem for PPA is that relaxing or filtering out logical or encyclopaedic information should yield an intersecting ad hoc concept with a broader extension that covers some or all the things denoted by the pre-loosened concept.
So even if we were to deploy a secondary stage of loosening/narrowing on the logical or encyclopaedic entries of SUN--such as located at the centre of a system--, there does not seem to be a way of generating the requisite concept SUN *.
First, it modifies the accessibility of information in the encyclopaedic entries that constitute the utterance--some are primed while others are made less salient; in turn, other contextual assumptions and implications become more or less relevant.
According to Wilson and Carston it is the additional information introduced in the discourse context, combined with information given in the constituent concepts of the utterance, that enables the hearer to place restrictions on the range of relevant interpretations (expectation) and anticipate which encyclopaedic information is most relevant in determining what the utterance means (priming of encyclopaedic entries).
Also, the mention of "surgeon" primes particular encyclopaedic entries of BUTCHER
The skeptic's grounds for suspicion are supported by indications that, even for the examples that we have considered, Wilson and Carston need to doctor information in the encyclopaedic entries and in the discourse context to yield the required results.
and propose the following (partial) list of encyclopaedic entries for BLOCK OF ICE:
The problem for Wilson and Carston, therefore, is to show that their account can explain metaphors without projecting their meanings into the list of encyclopaedic entries after which, of course, the interpretation of the metaphor is trivial.
Their proposal relies on there being, for every utterance with emergent properties, a discourse context that guides their interpretation in the right way by generating expectations and priming encyclopaedic entries.
When the speaker does this, however, the hearer forms the wrong expectations and primes exactly the wrong encyclopaedic entries.
Suppose that we allow for favorable discourse contexts to guide our expectations of relevance in the right direction, and we are charitable in what we allow in the way of encyclopaedic entries of the operative concepts in a metaphor.
"We're talking a huge volume of work, it's encyclopaedic - it weighs something like two kilos," he said.