While diabetes is primarily understood as a disease of the endocrine pancreas, other endocrine glands including adipose tissue, gastrointestinal endocrine system
, pituitary, parathyroid, thyroid, adrenals and gonads are associated with diabetes in multiple ways, in both the etiopathogenesis of diabetes and development of comorbid states.
Endocrine disruption can take several forms--transport disruption, receptor binding, and metabolism are all processes that will affect the endocrine system
, Pedersen says.
Glands that make up the endocrine system
include thyroid, parathyroid, pancreas, ovaries, testes, adrenal, pituitary and hypothalamus,'' he said.
Weiming Li, professor of fisheries and wildlife who helped lead the project, said: "By identifying 11-deoxycortisol as a stress hormone in lamprey, it allows us to better understand how the endocrine system
in vertebrates evolved into the complex systems we see in humans today."
In terms of weight loss or indeed, weight gain, the spotlight is turned on a different part of the endocrine system
and a different type of hormone, of which the thryroid gland is the star.
The findings suggest that mood changes may play an important role in moderating the endocrine system
's response to social challenges.
Stress also appears to cause the brain and endocrine system
to respond with hormonal changes that can lead to muscle and bone loss and other ailments of old age, according to researchers at the University of California, San Francisco.
The body's endocrine system
produces chemical substances called hormones.
Over the past decade, a growing body of evidence suggests that numerous chemicals, both natural and man-made, may interfere with the endocrine system
and produce adverse effects in humans, wildlife, fish or birds.
The area of the brain called the hypothalamus, which links the nervous system to the endocrine system
by synthesizing and secreting neurohormones that affect sleep, emotions, body temperature, hunger and thirst, is the mainspring of our circadian clock.
Lucille explains, "Digestion couldn't happen without the endocrine system
, which produces hormones that control the necessary chemical activities.
Among the hormones secreted by the endocrine system
, increased levels of the following are associated with clinical depression: