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ENEMY, international law. By this term is understood the whole body of a nation at war with another. It also signifies a citizen or subject of such a nation, as when we say an alien enemy. In a still more extended sense, the word includes any of the subjects or citizens of a state in amity with the United States, who, have commenced, or have made preparations for commencing hostilities against the United States; and also the citizens or subjects of a state in amity with the United States, who are in the service of a state at war with them. Salk. 635; Bac. Ab. Treason, G.
     2. An enemy cannot, as a general rule, enter into any contract which can be enforced in the courts of law; but the rule is not without exceptions; as, for example, when a state permits expressly its own citizens to trade with the enemy; and perhaps a contract for necessaries, or for money to enable the individual to get home, might be enforced. 7 Pet. R. 586.
     3. An alien enemy cannot, in general, sue during the war, a citizen of the United States, either in the courts of, the United States, or those of the several states. 1 Kent, Com. 68; 15 John. R. 57 S. C. 16 John. R. 438. Vide Marsh. Ins. c. 2, s. 1; Park. Ins. Index. h.t.; Wesk. Ins. 197; Phil. Ins. Index. h.t.; Chit. Comm. Law, Index, h.t.; Chit. Law of Nations, Index, h.t.
     4. By the term enemy is also understood, a person who is desirous of doing injury to another. The Latins had two terms to signify these two classes of persons; the first, or the public enemy, they called hostis, and the latter, or the private enemy, inimicus.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
The normal human tendency is to eliminate one's enemies, and the only prayer one can offer for enemies is their destruction.
His remarks came days after Commander of Iran's Army Major General Abdolrahim Moussavi warned enemies against any strategic mistake against the country, warning of a crushing response.
While checking a Death Box, repeatedly walk from side to side as you browse to be a difficult target for other enemies.
He said terrorists were enemies of humanity and such coward acts
He said the people of Pakistan would foil nefarious designs of the enemies with unity.
Rehman Malik said the Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI) and Military Intelligence (MI) role and sacrifices in war against terrorism was exemplary and distinguished as they had always defeated the enemies to be succeeded in their nefarious designs against our beloved country.
As veteran enemies of the American people, most of us here at Arkansas Business have had experience dealing with people in the worst moments of their lives: in the aftermath of violence, the deaths of loved ones, the loss of a job or a company, legal trouble, bankruptcies, natural disasters.
Guy Kawasaki thinks there are two types of enemies. 'Conceptual enemies are forces such as ignorance, inertia or conservatism.
Then the Pakistani driver asks who their enemies are.
There was a distinct difference over enemies by political party affiliation.
He said while the security establishment must treat it as security issue, build capacity and improve intelligence gathering capacity, the people must deal with the causes of provocation which gives rise to enemies within.
Shortly after receiving the enemy traffic, our eastern recon and surveillance (R&S) patrol supporting the deception effort made contact with five heavily armed enemies in a wash paralleling the simulated vehicle breakdown site.