enemy

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enemy

noun adversary, antagonist, arch rival, assailant, betrayer, foe, nemesis, opponent, opposer, rival, sworn opponent, the other side
See also: adversary, foe, rival

ENEMY, international law. By this term is understood the whole body of a nation at war with another. It also signifies a citizen or subject of such a nation, as when we say an alien enemy. In a still more extended sense, the word includes any of the subjects or citizens of a state in amity with the United States, who, have commenced, or have made preparations for commencing hostilities against the United States; and also the citizens or subjects of a state in amity with the United States, who are in the service of a state at war with them. Salk. 635; Bac. Ab. Treason, G.
     2. An enemy cannot, as a general rule, enter into any contract which can be enforced in the courts of law; but the rule is not without exceptions; as, for example, when a state permits expressly its own citizens to trade with the enemy; and perhaps a contract for necessaries, or for money to enable the individual to get home, might be enforced. 7 Pet. R. 586.
     3. An alien enemy cannot, in general, sue during the war, a citizen of the United States, either in the courts of, the United States, or those of the several states. 1 Kent, Com. 68; 15 John. R. 57 S. C. 16 John. R. 438. Vide Marsh. Ins. c. 2, s. 1; Park. Ins. Index. h.t.; Wesk. Ins. 197; Phil. Ins. Index. h.t.; Chit. Comm. Law, Index, h.t.; Chit. Law of Nations, Index, h.t.
     4. By the term enemy is also understood, a person who is desirous of doing injury to another. The Latins had two terms to signify these two classes of persons; the first, or the public enemy, they called hostis, and the latter, or the private enemy, inimicus.

References in periodicals archive ?
In relevant remarks last week, Chief of Staff of the Iranian Armed Forces Major General Mohammad Hossein Baqeri underlined that the country's Armed Forces are prepared to give a rigid response to any possible aggressive act by the enemies.
founder of IBM, said, 'Make no little enemies - people with whom you differ for some petty, insignificant, personal reason.
The first two "Volume" enemies shown in the trailer are the Pawn and the Turret.
Hoping that the world shall be free from these "invented enemies," I wish everyone a happy Eid.
When enemies have been identified, but before conflict has begun, wise leaders and knowledgeable generals should identify the key resources and elements that the enemy's army depends on.
because our enemies had no ladders, as they'd had in earlier times,
Our enemies in Iraq, Afghanistan and here at home are tenacious, ruthless and committed.
Barnet and his IPS comrades soon proved they meant to help our nation's enemies in more concrete ways by releasing stolen Top Secret documents from the Defense Department now known as the Pentagon Papers.
Rather, like the Servant in Isa 50:4-9, the psalmists affirm both their innocence and trust in God while urging God to act quickly against their enemies (Ps 31:14-18; 69:6-8).
The site promises that AVIDD "will study the methods by which each of these and other domestic enemies operate and plan a strategy to neutralize their destructiveness.
So Jesus spoke with intimate appreciation of what he was asking when he told his disciples: "To you who hear I say, love your enemies.
And while much remains to be done to consolidate our military successes in Iraq and Afghanistan, we should never forget that we have enemies who seek our destruction and all that we value.